dilemma of determinism


dilemma of determinism
It is often supposed that if an action is the end of a causal chain, i.e. determined, and the causes stretch back in time to events for which an agent has no conceivable responsibility, then the agent is not responsible for the action. The dilemma adds that if an action is not the end of such a chain, then either it or one of its causes occurs at random, in that no antecedent events brought it about, and in that case nobody is responsible for its occurrence either. So whether or not determinism is true, responsibility is shown to be illusory. See also free will, libertarianism (<

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Dilemma of determinism — The dilemma of determinism seems to rule out free will whether reality is determined or not, which would rule out both Compatibilism and Metaphysical Libertarianism The dilemma of determinism is the claim that if determinism is true, our actions… …   Wikipedia

  • determinism — 1. The doctrine that every event has a cause. The usual explanation of this is that for every event, there is some antecedent state, related in such a way that it would break a law of nature for this antecedent state to exist yet the event not to …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Determinism — This article is about the general notion of determinism in philosophy. For other uses, see Determinism (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Fatalism, Predeterminism, or Predictability. Certainty series …   Wikipedia

  • Technological determinism — is a reductionist doctrine that a society s technology determines its cultural values, social structure, or history. This is not to be confused with the inevitability thesis (Chandler), which states that once a technology is introduced into a… …   Wikipedia

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  • Libertarianism (metaphysics) — This article is about a form of metaphysics. For the political philosophy, see Libertarianism. For Libertarian political parties, see Libertarian Party. The task of the metaphysical libertarian is to reconcile free will with indeterminism… …   Wikipedia

  • Compatibilism — Schopenhauer said: Man is free to do what he wills, but he cannot will what he wills. The Compatibilist calls this limited freedom free will . This page discusses a philosophical view on free will. See other uses of the term Compatibility.… …   Wikipedia

  • free will — The problem is to reconcile our everyday consciousness of ourselves as agents, with the best view of what science tells us that we are. Determinism is one part of the problem. It may be defined as the doctrine that every event has a cause. More… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Kompatibilismus und Inkompatibilismus — Kompatibilismus, auch weicher Determinismus genannt, ist eine Theorie, nach der freier Wille und Determinismus miteinander vereinbar sind. Einer der bekanntesten Vertreter ist David Hume. Nach Hume bedeutet freier Wille nicht die Fähigkeit, unter …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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