- dialetheia
- A contradiction. Dialethic logic is logic that studies formal systems that may include divisions between valid and invalid arguments involving contradictions.

*Philosophy dictionary.
Academic.
2011.*

- dialetheia
- A contradiction. Dialethic logic is logic that studies formal systems that may include divisions between valid and invalid arguments involving contradictions.

*Philosophy dictionary.
Academic.
2011.*

**Dialetheism**— is the view that some statements can be both true and false simultaneously. More precisely, it is the belief that there can be a true statement whose negation is also true. Such statements are called true contradictions , or dialetheia.… … Wikipedia**Paradox**— For other uses, see Paradox (disambiguation). Further information: List of paradoxes A paradox is a seemingly true statement or group of statements that lead to a contradiction or a situation which seems to defy logic or intuition. Typically,… … Wikipedia**Indeterminism**— Non determinism redirects here. For similar articles, see Indeterminacy Indeterminism is the philosophical belief contradictory to determinism: that there are events which do not correspond with determinism (and therefore are uncaused in some… … Wikipedia**non-contradiction, principle of**— (or law of ) The law of logic that it is not the case that (p & not p ). Contradiction is the final logical stopping point: if we can derive a contradiction from a set of premises, then at least one of them is false (see reductio ad absurdum ).… … Philosophy dictionary