Dewey, John
(1859–1952)
American educator, social reformer, and philosopher of pragmatism . Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont, and had a relatively undistinguished academic career, until he enlisted at Johns Hopkins, America's first graduate university, in 1881. At this time he was influenced by Hegel, and his writings never lost an enthusiasm for the dynamic, the vital, and the progressive. His work took on a steadily more practical bent when in 1894 he became chairman of the department of philosophy, psychology, and education in Chicago. Here he remained for ten years before removing to Columbia, where the Journal of Philosophy became largely a house magazine for discussions about and by Dewey. His work as a psychologist and educational thinker crystallized a reaction against the excessively formal and rigid educational practices of the time. Dewey recognized that the child is an active, exploring, inquisitive creature, so the task of education is to foster experience infused by skills and knowledge. Dewey's enormous influence owed more to his skill at expounding the pragmatic, scientific, and democratic progressiveness of the America of his time than to accurate or technical philosophical argument. But his development of the pragmatism of James and Peirce remains influential. In his hands enquiry is a self-corrective process conducted in a specific historical and cultural circumstance; it requires no foundation in certainty or ‘the given ’, and knowledge is just that which is warranted through enquiry. Dewey expressed his views in a torrent of books and articles: the centennial bibliography of his work contains more than one hundred and fifty pages.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Dewey,John — Dewey, John. 1859 1952. American philosopher and educator who was a leading exponent of philosophical pragmatism and rejected traditional methods of teaching by rote in favor of a broad based system of practical experience. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dewey, John — born Oct. 20, 1859, Burlington, Vt., U.S. died June 1, 1952, New York, N.Y. U.S. philosopher and educator who was one of the founders of pragmatism, a pioneer in functional psychology, and a leader of the Progressive movement in U.S. education.… …   Universalium

  • Dewey, John — (1859 1952) Over a long life spanning nearly a century, Dewey was one of America s leading philosophers, responsible for developing and refining philosophical pragmatism . Rejecting much of classical European and essentialist philosophy, Dewey… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Dewey, John — ► (1859 1952) Filósofo, psicólogo y pedagogo estadounidense. Su teoría pedagógica principal consiste en que el maestro debe comportarse respecto al niño como un igual más experimentado que le sirva de guía. Escribió Experiencia y educación. * * * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Дьюи Джон / Dewey, John — (1859 1952). Статье Дьюи The reflex arc concept in psychology («Понятие рефлекторной дуги в психологии») обычно приписывают статус программной работы, связанной с учреждением функционализма как самостоятельной школы психологии, а не только как… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Dewey — Dewey, John …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Dewey — Dewey, John …   Dictionary of sociology

  • John Dewey — (* 20. Oktober 1859 in Burlington, Vermont; † 1. Juni 1952 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Philosoph und Pädagoge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John F. Dewey — John Frederick Dewey (* 1937) ist ein britischer Strukturgeologe und ein führender Vertreter der Theorie der Plattentektonik, die unter anderem auf wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aufbaut, welche er in den 60er und 70er Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DEWEY (J.) — DEWEY JOHN (1859 1952) L’œuvre de John Dewey a marqué, pendant la première moitié du XXe siècle, non seulement la vie scolaire des États Unis, mais aussi la pensée pédagogique de la plupart des pays. Après avoir exercé les fonctions de professeur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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