Derrida, Jacques
(1930– )
French postmodernist and leader of the deconstructionist movement. Born in Algeria, Derrida was a philosophy teacher for more than twenty years at the École Normale Supérieure. The notion of deconstruction was first presented in the Introduction to his 1962 translation of Husserl's Origin of Geometry . Derrida urges the importance of the unconscious rhetorical aspects of works, arguing that attention to the incidentals often subverts the principal doctrines of a text: the process of deconstruction is one of showing how the author's ostensible message is undermined by other aspects of its presentation. In De la grammatologie (1967, trs. Of Grammatology, 1976), Derrida argues against the ‘phonocentrism’ that privileges speech above writing by imagining that the presence of the author affords a fixed point of meaning and intention. This desire for a ‘centre’ generates familiar oppositions (subject/object, appearance/reality, etc.) which need to be dismissed. Instead the endless possibility of interpretation and reinterpretation opens up a receding horizon within which meaning is endlessly deferred, although the reader as much as the author is a creator of any provisional significance that is eventually found (see also Gadamer ). Derrida's work emerges from the tradition of Husserl and Heidegger, and is not easily assimilated by people used to normal linguistic expressions of thought. See also deconstruction, différance , post-structuralism.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • DERRIDA, JACQUES — (1930–2004), French philosopher and literary critic. Derrida was born and raised in El Biar, near Algiers. In 1942, he was expelled from school as result of antisemitic measures. In 1949 he moved to France and beginning in 1952 he studied at the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Derrida, Jacques — born July 15, 1930, El Biar, Alg. died Oct. 8, 2004, Paris, France Algerian born French philosopher. Derrida taught principally at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris (1964–84). His critique of Western philosophy encompasses literature,… …   Universalium

  • Derrida, Jacques — (1930 2004)    A French philosopher of Jewish descent well known for his philosophy of Derrida came to prominence deconstruction , in 1966, when he delivered a paper that advocated a deconstruction of the structuralist movement. Derrida then… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Derrida, Jacques — (1930 )    philosopher    Jacques Derrida, a leading contemporary French philosopher whose writings form the basis for the deconstructionist school, was born in El Biar, Algeria, and educated in Paris at the École normale supérieure, where he… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Derrida, Jacques — (b. 1930)    French philosopher. Derrida was born in Algiers, but educated in Paris. He has taught at the école Normale Supérieure and the école des Hautes études en Sciences Sociales as well as at Yale, Cornell and the University of California.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Derrida, Jacques — See Deconstruction and Derrida …   History of philosophy

  • Derrida,Jacques — Der·ri·da (dĕrʹĭ dä , dĕʹrē ), Jacques. Born 1930. Algerian born French philosopher who developed the theory of deconstruction. His widely influential works include Speech and Phenomena, Writing and Difference, and Of Grammatology, all published… …   Universalium

  • Derrida, Jacques — (1930 2004)    French philosopher. Born in Algiers, he taught at the Ecole Normale Superieure and later at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. His works include Speech and Phenomena, Writing and Difference, Margins of Philosophy,… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Derrida, Jacques — (15 jul. 1930, El Biar, Argelia–9 oct. 2004, París, Francia). Filósofo francés nacido en Argelia. Enseñó principalmente en la École Normale Supérieure de París (1965–84). Su crítica de la filosofía occidental se extiende a la literatura, la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Derrida, Jacques — (1930 2004)    refer to the entries on becoming + cinema , nonbeing and virtual/virtuality …   The Deleuze dictionary

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