deconstruction
A sceptical approach to the possibility of coherent meaning initiated by the French philosopher Derrida . There is no privileged point, such as an author's intention or a contact with external reality, that confers significance on a text. There is only the limitless opportunity for fresh commentary or text (a linguistic version of the idealist belief that we cannot escape the world of our own ideas). A deconstructionist reading of a text subverts its apparent significance by uncovering contradictions and conflict within it. However, since it is impossible to take up a significant vantage point above a text, it is sometimes admitted that deconstruction leaves everything as it was; its attempt to think the unthinkable proceeds with puns and jokes as much as by recognizable argument. The apparently wilful obscurity of much deconstructionist writing has tended to outrage more orthodox philosophers. See Derrida, différance , postmodernism, post-structuralism.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • déconstruction — [ dekɔ̃stryksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • v. 1965; de déconstruire ♦ Fait de déconstruire. La déconstruction d un système social, d une notion. ● déconstruction nom féminin Fait de déconstruire quelque chose ; déstructuration. En philosophie, analyse critique d …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • deconstruction — de con*struc tion (d[ e] k[u^]n*str[u^]k sh[u^]n), n. A philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning. This method questions the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • deconstruction — [dē΄kənstruk′shən] n. [Fr déconstruction] a method of literary analysis originated in France in the mid 20th cent. and based on a theory that, by the very nature of language and usage, no text can have a fixed, coherent meaning deconstructionist… …   English World dictionary

  • deconstruction — 1973, as a strategy of critical analysis, in translations from French of the works of philosopher Jacques Derrida (b.1930). The word was used in English in a literal sense from 1865 of building and architecture, and in late 1860s sometimes as an… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Deconstruction — For the approach to post modern architecture, see Deconstructivism; for other uses, see Deconstruction (disambiguation). Deconstruction is a term introduced by French philosopher Jacques Derrida in his 1967 book Of Grammatology. Although he… …   Wikipedia

  • deconstruction — deconstructionist, adj., n. deconstructive, adj. /dee keuhn struk sheuhn/, n. a philosophical and critical movement, starting in the 1960s and esp. applied to the study of literature, that questions all traditional assumptions about the ability… …   Universalium

  • Déconstruction — Pour l approche architecturale, voir Déconstructivisme La déconstruction est une méthode, voire une école, de la philosophie contemporaine. Cette pratique d analyse textuelle est employée pour décortiquer de nombreux écrits (philosophie,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • deconstruction — noun Etymology: French déconstruction, from dé de + construction Date: 1973 1. a philosophical or critical method which asserts that meanings, metaphysical constructs, and hierarchical oppositions (as between key terms in a philosophical or… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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