Crescas, Hasdai ben Abraham
(c. 1340–1412)
Jewish philosopher and theologian. Crescas was the first European thinker to oppose Aristotelian cosmology, arguing instead for an infinitely extended cosmos. He opposed the extreme rationalism of Maimonides, and his emphasis on the emotional side of religious observance was influential on such Renaissance figures as Ficino and Bruno, and later upon Spinoza . Works include the Light of the Lord .

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Crescas, Ḥasdai ben Abraham — ▪ Spanish philosopher born 1340, Barcelona? died 1410, Saragossa, Spain       Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian rationalist tradition in Jewish thought, who became crown rabbi of Aragon.       A merchant and… …   Universalium

  • Crescas, Hasdai ben Abraham — (c.1340 c.1412)    Spanish rabbi and theologian. He was born in Barcelona and was active as a merchant and communal leader there. In 1367 he was imprisoned on a charge of desecrating the Host, but was later released. With the accession of John I… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • CRESCAS (or Cresques), ḤASDAI BEN JUDAH — (c. 1340–winter 1410–11), Catalonian rabbi, philosopher, and statesman. Crescas was born into an old Barcelonan family of rabbis and merchants. He studied Talmud and philosophy there under Rabbi nissim b. reuben gerondi (c. 1310–1376) and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ovadia ben Abraham Sforno — Ovadia Sforno (Césène, Italie, 1470 Bologne, 1550) fut un rabbin, médecin, philosophe, commentateur et légaliste juif de la fin du XVe et de la première moitié du XVIe siècle. Biographie Grande figure du judaïsme médiéval italien, Ovadia ben …   Wikipédia en Français

  • JEDAIAH BEN ABRAHAM BEDERSI — (Ha Penini; probably born in the 1280s and died about 1340), poet and philosopher. Possibly a native of Béziers, Jedaiah is known to have spent time in Perpignan and Montpellier. Little is known of his personal history. He may have been a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hasdai Crescas — Hasdaï Crescas Pour les articles homonymes, voir Crescas (homonymie). Hasdaï Crescas (hébreu : חסדאי קרשקש) est un éminent philosophe et légaliste séfarade du XIVe siècle (Barcelone, env. 1340 1410 ou 1411). Biographie Hasdaï ben… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hasdaï Crescas — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Crescas (homonymie). Hasdaï Crescas (hébreu : חסדאי קרשקש) est un éminent philosophe et légaliste séfarade du XIVe siècle (Barcelone, env. 1340 1410 ou 1411). Biographie Hasdaï ben Abraham ben Hasdaï… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hasdai — Den Namen Hasdai (Hasday, Hasdaye), auch Hisdai (Hisday, Hisdaye), trugen Chasdai ibn Schaprut (915 975), jüdischer Wesir in Cordoba am Hof des Kalifen Abd ar Rahman III. Abu l Fadl Hasdai ibn Yusuf ibn Chasdai (1050? 1093?), Enkel des vorigen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crescas — (Hebrew: קרשקש‎) is a Jewish family name. There have been a number of scholars and rabbis sharing that surname, including: Abiathar Crescas, a 15th century Jewish physician and astrologer, doctor to King John II of Aragon (1458–79) Astruc Don… …   Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM BEN DAVID OF POSQUIÈRES — (known as Rabad, i.e., Rabbi Abraham Ben David; c. 1125–1198); talmudic authority in Provence. Abraham was born in Narbonne, and died in Posquières, a small city near Nîmes famous for the yeshivah he established there. He lived during a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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