co-ordination problem
A situation in which the interests of agents coincide, and the aim is to try to reach an outcome in which those interests are satisfied. Informally, this is a situation in which each person has an interest in doing something that chimes in with what the others do. For example, we may each have an interest in meeting at dinner time, but face the problem that neither of us is sure in which part of the town the other will be. Going to the only restaurant, expecting the other to reason that this is the salient thing to do and to go there likewise, would be a solution to the problem. The problem would not be so easy if there were several restaurants, or if an element of competition entered, whereby my interests are better served by one choice (e.g. a restaurant near me) and yours by a different choice (one near you). More formally, a solution requires finding an equilibrium, meaning that no agent can do better by unilaterally doing something else given the choices of the others. A proper equilibrium is one which each agent likes better than any other equilibrium. Much social action, including perhaps inventing language and society, requires solving co-ordination problems. See also convention, game theory, Nash equilibrium, prisoners' dilemma.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • problem of co-ordination — co ordination problem …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Minister for the Co-ordination of Defensive Measures — The Minister for the Co ordination of Defensive Measures was the title of Frank Aiken as a member of the Government of Ireland during The Emergency[1] the state of emergency in operation in independent Ireland during World War II. The Minister… …   Wikipedia

  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe — OSCE redirects here. For other uses, see OSCE (disambiguation). Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe (OSCE) …   Wikipedia

  • Cooperative distributed problem solving — is a network of semi autonomous processing nodes working together to solve a problem, typically in a multi agent system. That is concerned with the investigation of problem subdivision, sub problem distribution, results synthesis, optimisation of …   Wikipedia

  • David Kellogg Lewis — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 20th century philosophy color = #B0C4DE name = David Kellogg Lewis birth = September 28, 1941 flagicon|USA|size=20px Oberlin, Ohio death = October 14, 2001 flagicon|USA|size=20px Princeton,… …   Wikipedia

  • David Lewis (philosopher) — For other people named David Lewis, see David Lewis (disambiguation). David Kellogg Lewis Full name David Kellogg Lewis Born September 28, 1941 Oberlin, Ohio Died October 14 …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolai Bernstein — Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bernstein (Russian: Николай Александрович Бернштейн) (1896 1966) was a Soviet neurophysiologist. Contents 1 Life 2 Work 3 See also 4 Publications …   Wikipedia

  • Avanti (programme) — The Avanti programme was established by the UK Department of Trade and Industry in 2002 [ [ DTI The Construction Research Programme, February 2007] ] to formulate an approach to collaborative working in… …   Wikipedia

  • Community pharmacy — A community pharmacy is a community based pharmacy. The main responsibilities of a community pharmacy include appropriate procurement, storage, dispensing, and documentation of medicines. Therefore the community pharmacists should have the… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Flying Corps — For the computer game, see Flying Corps. Royal Flying Corps …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”