conservatism
Originally in Burke an ideology of caution in departing from the historical roots of a society, or changing its inherited traditions and institutions. In this ‘organic’ form it includes allegiance to tradition, community, hierarchies of rank, benevolent paternalism, and properly subservient underclasses. By contrast, conservatism can be taken to imply a laissez-faire ideology of untrammelled individualism that puts the emphasis on personal responsibility, free markets, law and order, and a minimal role for government, with neither community, nor tradition, nor benevolence entering more than marginally. The two strands are not easy to reconcile, either in theory or in practice.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • conservatism — con‧ser‧va‧tis‧m [kənˈsɜːvətɪzm ǁ ɜːr ] noun [uncountable] 1. ECONOMICS unwillingness to take unnecessary risks: • The company s conservatism extends as well to capital spending. 2. ACCOUNTING the principle of being careful not to state an asset …   Financial and business terms

  • conservatism — CONSERVATÍSM s.n. Atitudine, sistem de idei, convingeri politice care acordă importanţă instituţiilor tradiţionale (religie, familie, proprietate) şi susţin dezvoltarea treptată în locul schimbărilor bruşte. – Din fr. conservatisme. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Conservatism — Con*serv a*tism, n. [For conservatism.] The disposition and tendency to preserve what is established; opposition to change; the habit of mind; or conduct, of a conservative. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • conservatism — index continence, moderation, prudence Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • conservatism — 1835, in reference to the Conservative party in British politics; from CONSERVATIVE (Cf. conservative) + ISM (Cf. ism). From 1840 in reference to conservative principles generally …   Etymology dictionary

  • conservatism — [kən sʉr′və tiz΄əm] n. the principles and practices of a conservative person or party; tendency to oppose change in institutions and methods …   English World dictionary

  • Conservatism — This article is about conservatism as a political and social philosophy. For other uses, see Conservatism (disambiguation). Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • conservatism — /keuhn serr veuh tiz euhm/, n. 1. the disposition to preserve or restore what is established and traditional and to limit change. 2. the principles and practices of political conservatives. [1825 35; CONSERVAT(IVE) + ISM] * * * Political attitude …   Universalium

  • conservatism — [[t]kənsɜ͟ː(r)vətɪzəm[/t]] (The spelling Conservatism is also used for meaning 1.) 1) N UNCOUNT Conservatism is a political philosophy which believes that if changes need to be made to society, they should be made gradually. You can also refer to …   English dictionary

  • conservatism — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ diehard, entrenched (both BrE) ▪ moderate, relative ▪ compassionate ▪ his message of compassionate conservatism …   Collocations dictionary

  • conservatism — An everyday notion meaning to ‘preserve’ or ‘keep intact’ which has, at least in Europe and the United States since the nineteenth century, come to be associated with a set of political principles. The major problem in defining the concept is… …   Dictionary of sociology

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