Condorcet, Marquis de
(1743–1794)
French mathematician and social theorist. Condorcet was educated by Jesuits, and became the permanent Secretary of the Académie des Sciences, for which he was qualified by his mathematical writings, in 1776. The eulogies (Éloges ) for dead members that he composed are quintessential documents of the French Enlightenment . Condorcet believed in the progress and perfectibility of mankind, aided by the application of mathematical methods to the moral and political sciences. His Essai sur l’application de l’analyse à la probabilité des décisions (‘Essay on the Application of Analysis to the Probability of Majority Decisions’, 1785) was an early example of a long French tradition of mathematical treatment of the social sciences (see also inverse methods, Laplace, rule of succession, voter's paradox ). His other major work is the optimistic, indeed visionary, Esquisse d’un tableau historique des progrès de l’esprit humain (1795, trs. as Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind, 1795), often cited as being one of the targets of Malthus.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Condorcet,Marquis de — Con·dor·cet (kôn dôr sĕʹ), Marquis de Title of Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat. 1743 1794. French mathematician and philosopher known for his work on the mathematical theory of probability and for his philosophical study Sketch for a… …   Universalium

  • CONDORCET, MARQUIS DE —    a French mathematician and philosopher, born near St. Quentin; contributed to the Encyclopédie ; was of the Encyclopedist school; took sides with the Revolutionary party in the interest of progress; voted with the Girondists usually; suspected …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • CONDORCET (marquise de) — CONDORCET SOPHIE DE GROUCHY marquise de (1764 1822) La vie de Sophie de Condorcet est loin de s’identifier à celle de son mari, dont elle a pourtant épousé les idées et partagé les travaux. Sophie de Grouchy est née en Normandie en 1764, dans une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Marquis de Condorcet — Condorcet redirects here. For other uses, see Condorcet (disambiguation). Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet Marquis de Condorcet Born 17 September 1743(1743 09 17) …   Wikipedia

  • Marquis de Condorcet — Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet (* 17. September 1743 in Ribemont; † 28. März 1794 in Bourg la Reine) war ein französischer Philosoph, Mathematiker, Politiker und Kommunikatio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Marquis de Sade — De Sade redirects here. For the 1969 film, see De Sade (film). Marquis de Sade Portrait of the Marquis de Sade by Charles Amédée Philippe van Loo (c. 1761), the only portrait that Sade actually sat for. Born 2 June 1740(1740 06 02) Paris, France …   Wikipedia

  • Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de — born Sept. 17, 1743, Ribemont, France found dead March 29, 1794, Bourg la Reine French mathematician, statesman, and revolutionary. He showed early promise as a mathematician and was a protégé of Jean Le Rond d Alembert. In 1777 he became… …   Universalium

  • Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de — (1743 1794)    philosopher, mathematician, political figure    Born in Ribemont, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet was educated at the Collège de Navarre in Paris. His first work was Essai sur le calcul intégral (1765),… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

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