collective
Term used by the mathematician Richard von Mises (1883–1953) in Probability, Statistics, and Truth (1957; 1st German edn., 1928) for a sequence of events constituting a ‘mass phenomenon’ or sufficiently large repetition of an underlying cause, to form the basis for an attribution of probability. A large number of tosses of an identical coin, or large number of persons taking a certain drug, or large number of molecules in a gas in a certain state, may afford the basis for a probability judgement: that heads is 0.5 probable, that the chance of a heart attack is 0.1, or that the chance of a collision with another molecule in a certain time has a certain value. Treated mathematically a collective may be regarded as an infinite sequence of events, on each of which the chance of some attribute occurring is identical. The mathematical collective is an idealization of empirically given collectives, which have only finite numbers of members. See also frequency theory of probability.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • collective — col‧lec‧tive [kəˈlektɪv] adjective [only before a noun] 1. ECONOMICS collective farm/​factory a farm or factory that is owned by a government and controlled by the people who work in it: • In the 1990s, the collective farm system collapsed in… …   Financial and business terms

  • Collective — Col*lect ive, a. [L. collectivus: cf. F. collectif.] 1. Formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated; as, the {collective} body of a nation. Bp. Hoadley. [1913 Webster] 2. Deducing consequences; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • collective — (adj.) early 15c., from M.Fr. collectif, from L. collectivus, from collectus (see COLLECT (Cf. collect)). As a noun, short for collective farm (in the USSR) it dates from 1925. collective farm first attested 1919 in translations of Lenin.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • collective — [kə lek′ tiv] adj. [ME & OFr collectif < L collectivus] 1. formed by collecting; gathered into a whole 2. of, as, or characteristic of a group; of or by all or many of the individuals in a group acting together [the collective effort of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Collective — Álbum de I ve Sound Grabación 2001 2005 Género(s) J Pop Formato CD Discográf …   Wikipedia Español

  • collective — col·lec·tive /kə lek tiv/ adj: involving all members of a group as distinct from individual members col·lec·tive·ly adv Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. c …   Law dictionary

  • Collective — Col*lect ive, n. (Gram.) A collective noun or name. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Collectīve — (lat.), gesammelt; daher C. reden, von einer Menge als solcher reden, z.B. alle Buchstaben machen ein Alphabet; im Gegensatz von disjunctive, wenn man jedes einzeln meint, z.B. alle Menschen (d. i. jeder Einzelne) sind sterblich …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • collective — [adj] composite aggregate, assembled, collated, combined, common, compiled, concentrated, concerted, conjoint, consolidated, cooperative, corporate, cumulative, gathered, grouped, heaped, hoarded, joint, massed, mutual, piled, shared, unified,… …   New thesaurus

  • collective — ► ADJECTIVE 1) done by or belonging to all the members of a group. 2) taken as a whole; aggregate. ► NOUN ▪ an enterprise owned or operated cooperatively. DERIVATIVES collectively adverb collectivity noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Collective — For other uses, see Collective (disambiguation). A collective is a group of entities that share or are motivated by at least one common issue or interest, or work together on a specific project(s) to achieve a common objective.[citation needed]… …   Wikipedia

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