Clarke, Samuel
(1675–1729)
English theologian and rationalist. Clarke studied at Cambridge, and became rector of St James, Westminster, where he was an influential minister. He is remembered as a natural theologian, whose cosmological proof of the existence of God was delivered in the Boyle lectures of 1704 (‘A Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God’). His derivation of the basis of morality from right reason alone was presented the following year (‘A Discourse concerning the Unchangeable Obligations of Natural Religion’). Both provided convenient targets for the naturalistic philosophers of the Enlightenment . He is mainly remembered for his defence of Newton (a friend from Cambridge days) against Leibniz, both on the question of the existence of absolute space and on the question of the propriety of appealing to a force of gravity. The exchange has been collected as The Leibniz–Clarke Correspondence (edited by H. G. Alexander, 1956). Clarke had the last word (publishing his fifth reply after Leibniz's death) but Leibniz won the argument. In his Lettres philosophiques (1734), Voltaire describes Clarke as a ‘veritable reasoning machine’.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Clarke, Samuel — ▪ English theologian and philosopher born Oct. 11, 1675, Norwich, Norfolk, Eng. died May 17, 1729, Leicestershire  theologian, philosopher, and exponent of Newtonian physics, remembered for his influence on 18th century English theology and… …   Universalium

  • Clarke, Samuel — (1675 1729)    Divine and metaphysician, b. at Norwich, was ed. at Camb., where he became the friend and disciple of Newton, whose System of the Universe he afterwards defended against Leibnitz. In 1704 5 he delivered the Boyle lectures, taking… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Clarke — Clarke, Samuel …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Samuel Clarke — (1675 1729), englischer Philosoph und Theologe. Samuel Clarke (* 11. Oktober 1675 in Norwich; † 17. Mai 1729 in London) war ein englischer Philosoph und Theologe in der frühen Aufklärungszeit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CLARKE (S.) — CLARKE SAMUEL (1675 1729) Philosophe et théologien anglais, disciple et ami de Newton, Samuel Clarke joua un rôle important dans la substitution de la physique newtonienne à la physique cartésienne au sein des universités anglaises. Il fut admiré …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Samuel Clarke — For other people named Samuel Clarke, see Samuel Clarke (disambiguation). Samuel Clarke Samuel Clarke (11 October 1675, Norwich – 17 May 1729, London) was an English philosopher and Anglican clergyman. Contents …   Wikipedia

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  • Samuel Orchard Beeton — Samuel Beeton, 23 Jahre, 1854 Samuel Orchard Beeton (* 2. März 1831 in London; † 1877) war ein englischer Verleger und Herausgeber von Magazinen und Zeitschriften. Sein Name ist vor allem durch seine Ehe mit der Kochbuchautorin Isabella Beeton… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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