chaos
1 Historically, the contrast is between chaos, or the unordered, unformed, undifferentiated beginnings of things, and the cosmos, which is the ordered universe (see also logos ). The concept is thus implicit in early Greek cosmogony.
2 In modern science, chaotic systems are ones in which an arbitrarily small difference in the initial conditions can produce arbitrarily large differences in later states. The common example is that the atmosphere may be such that the flapping of a butterfly at a point and a time may determine whether or not there occurs a hurricane at a different point some time later. The possibility of such systems forces a distinction between thinking of a system as deterministic and thinking of it as completely predictable in principle. Chaotic systems can be deterministic, but are not predictable, for however accurate a measurement of the state at a time, a variation smaller than any it can detect may be responsible for a difference in the eventual outcome.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • chaos — chaos …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • chaos — [ kao ] n. m. • 1377; lat. chaos, gr. khaos 1 ♦ Relig., Myth. Vide ou confusion existant avant la création (⇒ tohu bohu). Chaos originel, primitif. 2 ♦ (XVIe) Fig. Confusion, désordre grave. « le chaos des sensations confuses » (Michelet). ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chaos — (  /ˈkeɪ …   Wikipedia

  • CHAOS — rudis et inordinatae materiae confusa congeries. Poetae aiunt Chaos in principio fuisse, i. e. confusionem rerum, atque elementorum. Postea vero Deum ditemisse illam congeriem, siugulisque rebus ex confuso acervo separatis, in ordinemque… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • CHAOS — may refer to: * C.H.A.O.S., Create Havoc Around Our System , used by the Association of Flight Attendants for intermittent work stoppages or strikes * CHAOS (Linux distribution), a Linux distribution designed for ad hoc computer clustering *… …   Wikipedia

  • Chãos — Freguesia de Portugal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chaos — Sn großes Durcheinander, Verwirrung std. (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Zunächst entlehnt aus l. chaos für gr. chásma zur Bezeichnung der Kluft zwischen dem armen Lazarus im Himmel und dem Reichen im Totenreich. Die eigentliche Entlehnung aus gr. cháos… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Chãos — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chaos — CHAOS, us, Gr. Χάος, εος, contr. ους, (⇒ Tab. I.) war nach einigen der Anfang aller Dinge, und also auch selbst der Götter; wie denn von selbigem Erebus und Nox, und von diesem wiederum andere gezeuget worden. Hesiod. Theog. v. 116. Andere… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Chãos — Administration Pays  Portugal …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chaos — {{Chaos}} »Fürwahr, zuerst entstand das Chaos, aber danach die Erde ...« So leitet Hesiod (Theogonie 116) seine Weltentstehungslehre ein, eine Kette von Zeugungen und Geburten, an deren Anfang eben das spontan entstandene Chaos steht, woraus die… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

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