Carlyle, Thomas
(1795–1881)
Writer and social prophet. Carlyle was born in Ecclefechan in Scotland, but uneasily lost his Calvinist faith, and became influenced by German Romanticism . He translated Goethe's Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship in 1824, and published the Life of Schiller the following year. Sartor Resartus (1833–4) reflects Carlyle's debt to the German movement, and the themes of anti-democratic Romanticism, invoking the dynamic as opposed to the mechanical, and the personal, moral force of the ‘strong just man’ as against the degraded masses and the plod of everyday events, dominate much of his difficult and mannered work. The manuscript of Carlyle's History of the French Revolution (1837) was accidentally used to light a fire by one of J. S. Mill's servants when Carlyle was visiting him, but he rewrote it. He was a friend of Emerson and greatly influenced the New England transcendentalists . Samuel Butler said that it was very good of God to let Carlyle and Mrs Carlyle marry one another, and so make only two people miserable instead of four.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carlyle, Thomas — (1795–1881)    A prominent biographer, historian, and activist in nineteenth century Britain. A Scot, Carlyle was educated at the University of Edinburgh before moving to London to pursue a literary career. His knowledge of Germany, its… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Carlyle, Thomas — born Dec. 4, 1795, Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Scot. died Feb. 5, 1881, London, Eng. Scottish historian and essayist. The son of a mason, Carlyle was reared in a strict Calvinist household and educated at the University of Edinburgh. He moved to… …   Universalium

  • Carlyle, Thomas — (1795–1881)    Historian and Popular Philosopher.    Carlyle was educated at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. He was the author of several well received works of history – The French Revolution, Oliver Cromwell and Frederick the Great. He …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Carlyle, Thomas — (1795 1881)    Historian and essayist, was b. at Ecclefechan in Dumfriesshire. His f., James C., was a stonemason, a man of intellect and strong character, and his mother was, as he said, of the fairest descent, that of the pious, the just, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Carlyle, Thomas — ► (1795 1881) Ensayista e historiador escocés. Su obra capital es Los héroes y su culto (1841), en que expone su teoría sobre el dominio del hombre en la historia. * * * (4 dic. 1795, Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Escocia–5 feb. 1881, Londres,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CARLYLE, THOMAS —    born in the village of Ecclefechan, Annandale, Dumfriesshire; son of James Carlyle, a stone mason, and afterwards a small farmer, a man of great force, penetration, and integrity of character, and of Margaret Aitken, a woman of deep piety and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Carlyle,Thomas — Car·lyle (kär līlʹ, kärʹlīl), Thomas. 1795 1881. British historian and essayist whose works, such as The French Revolution (1837), are characterized by his trenchant social and political criticism and his complex literary style. * * * …   Universalium

  • Carlyle, Thomas —  (1795–1881) Scottish historian …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • CARLYLE, Thomas — (1795 1881)    Scottish essayist who popularized GOETHE and German ROMANTICISM in England and profoundly influenced EMERSON S TRANSCENDENTALISM. After a period of initial skepticism, during which time he influenced such people as George ELLIOT,… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Carlyle — Carlyle, Thomas …   Philosophy dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”