utilitarians

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • utilitarians — u·til·i·tar·i·an || ‚juːtɪlɪ terɪən / teÉ™r n. one who ascribes to utilitarianism, one who maintains that practicality and usefulness is more important beauty or other considerations adj. practical, applicable, useful …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Utilitarians (The early) — The early utilitarians Bentham and James Mill G.L.Williams Jeremy Bentham was born in 1748 in London; his prosperous father, a lawyer who became wealthy from property rather than the law, planned out for his son a brilliant legal career. After an …   History of philosophy

  • List of utilitarians — This is an incomplete list of advocates of utilitarianism.*John Austin [ The Province of Jurisprudence Determined , London, 1832.] *Jeremy Bentham [ Essay on Utilitarianism, Long Version , in Amnon Goldworth (ed.), Deontology; together with A… …   Wikipedia

  • Utilitarianism — This article discusses utilitarian ethical theory. For a discussion of John Stuart Mill s book Utilitarianism, see Utilitarianism (book). For the architectural theory, see Utilitarianism (architecture) Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • utilitarianism — /yooh til i tair ee euh niz euhm/, n. the ethical doctrine that virtue is based on utility, and that conduct should be directed toward promoting the greatest happiness of the greatest number of persons. [1820 30; UTILITARIAN + ISM] * * * Ethical… …   Universalium

  • ethics — /eth iks/, n.pl. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a system of moral principles: the ethics of a culture. 2. the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc.: medical ethics;… …   Universalium

  • Sidgwick, Henry — Sidgwick C.A.J.Coady Unlike John Stuart Mill or Jeremy Bentham, Henry Sidgwick’s is hardly a household name in intellectual circles beyond the world of professional philosophy. His standing amongst many contemporary moral philosophers as possibly …   History of philosophy

  • Trolley problem — The trolley problem is a thought experiment in ethics, first introduced by Philippa Foot [Philippa Foot, The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect in Virtues and Vices (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1978)] , but also extensively… …   Wikipedia

  • utilitarianism — index casuistry Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 utilitarianism …   Law dictionary

  • Mill, John Stuart: Ethics and politics — J.S.Mill Ethics and politics R.F.Khan ON LIBERTY John Stuart Mill’s mature views on ethics and politics are to be found in On Liberty (published in 1859), Utilitarianism (1861), Considerations on Representative Government (1861) and The… …   History of philosophy

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