Buridan, Jean
(c. 1295–1358)
French scholastic philosopher. Buridan was educated under Ockham and taught at Paris, where he was also rector of the university. Little is known directly of Buridan's life, although it is known that he climbed Mont Ventoux considerably before Petrarch, and it was rumoured that he was tossed into the Seine in a sack for dallying with the Queen of France. He was a logician rather than a theologian, and pursued issues of formal logic for their own sake rather than for the sake of doctrinal argument. In addition to his writings in philosophy and logic, he contributed extensively to the science of his time, and his ethics shows a teleological bent related to Cicero and Seneca rather than to the more authoritarian and deontological ethics of Ockham. In logic his Consequentiae and Sophismata contain discussions of modal logic and of paradoxes of self-reference which still hold considerable interest.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Buridan, Jean — • French scholastic philosopher of the fourteenth century, b. at Béthune, in the district of Atois towards the end of the thirteenth century; date of death unknown Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Buridan, Jean — born 1300, Béthune?, France died 1358 French philosopher, logician, and scientific theorist. He studied under William of Ockham at the University of Paris and later taught there. According to his modified version of determinism, though one must… …   Universalium

  • BURIDAN, JEAN —    a scholastic doctor of the 14th century, born in Artois, and famous as the reputed author, though there is no evidence of it in his works, of the puzzle of the hungry and thirsty ass, called after him Buridan s Ass, between a bottle of hay and …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Buridan, Jean — (Joannes Buridanus) ► (¿1300 58?) Pensador medieval francés, de tendencia occamista. Como nominalista, prefirió la experiencia a la autoridad de Aristóteles y sometió a crítica las concepciones de la física aristotélica. En lo que se refiere al… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Buridan — Jean Buridan Jean Buridan, en latin Joannes Buridanus (1292 1363), philosophe français, docteur scolastique, fut l’instigateur du scepticisme religieux en Europe. Il fut, en Occident, le redécouvreur de la théorie de l impetus, vers 1340[1]. Son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Buridan —     Jean Buridan     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jean Buridan     French scholastic philosopher of the fourteenth century, b. at Béthune, in the district of Atois towards the end of the thirteenth century; date of death unknown. He studied at the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • BURIDAN (J.) — BURIDAN JEAN (1300 env. apr. 1358) Recteur de l’université de Paris en 1328 et en 1340, commentateur d’Aristote et logicien. L’enseignement en logique de Jean Buridan (Summulae logicae ) dépend de celui de Pierre d’Espagne et de celui d’Ockham.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Buridan — (Jean) (v. 1300 apr. 1358) philosophe scolastique, à Paris. Il aurait proposé ce sophisme: un âne (l âne de Buridan) placé à égale distance d un seau d eau et d un picotin d avoine ne sait choisir et en meurt …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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