Buber, Martin
(1878–1965)
Jewish religious thinker and existentialist . Born in Vienna, Buber eventually settled in Palestine, and became the first President of the Israeli Academy of Science and Humanities. His most important work was Ich und Du (1922, trs. as I and Thou, 1970). In Buber's approach religion creates reciprocal relationships of dialogue between one subject and another, and these are sharply distinguished from objective relations between subject and thing. Buber interpreted religious experience in terms of perpetual encounter and dialogue with another personal subject, rather than in terms of knowledge modelled upon scientific knowledge of an extra ‘thing’ in the universe. The idea has been immensely influential in modern theology. See also religion, philosophy of.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • BUBER, MARTIN — (1878–1965), philosopher and theologian, Zionist thinker and leader. Born in Vienna, Buber as a child lived in Lemberg with his grandfather solomon buber , the noted Midrash scholar. From 1896 he studied at the universities of Vienna, Leipzig,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Buber, Martin — born Feb. 8, 1878, Vienna, Austria Hungary died June 13, 1965, Jerusalem German Jewish religious philosopher and biblical translator. Brought up in Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine), he studied in Vienna, Berlin, Leipzig, and Zürich. Friedrich… …   Universalium

  • Buber, Martin — (1878–1965)    Israel philosopher. Buber bears out the adage that men are not prophets in their own country. In Jerusalem he was pointed out as a white bearded and fairly harmless professor, who collected chassidic tales (a Yiddish wag called… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Buber, Martin — (1878 1965)    religious philosopher; his ideas gave Zion ism its spiritual core. Born in Vienna, he was moved to the eastern Galician city of Lemberg (now Lvov) upon his parents separation. Raised by his paternal grandparents, he fell under the… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Buber, Martin — ► (1878 1965) Filósofo y psicólogo hebreo. Se dedicó a la filosofía de la religión, en especial la judía. En su libro ¿Qué es el hombre? (1949) da una síntesis psicológica sobre la persona humana. * * * (8 feb. 1878, Viena, Austria Hungría–13 jun …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Buber, Martin — (1878 1965)    A Jewish philosopher and theologian, Martin Buber exercised some considerable influence on Christian philosophy, particularly through his book I and Thou, in which he contrasts the I it relation that one has with objects , that is… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Buber, Martin — (1878 1965)    A Jewish religious philosopher born in Vienna and settled in Palestine in 1938. Buber is the author of many books on Jewish philosophy, general philosophy, Hasidism, theology, Zionist theory, and the Bible. His fame, which was… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Buber, Martin — (1878 1965)    Austrian theologian, grandson of Solomon Buber. He was born in Vienna. He joined the Zionist movement and became editor of Die Welt in 1901. He founded the Jewish National Council in Berlin during World War I and in 1916… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • BUBER, Martin — (1878 1965)    JEWISH philosopher and theologian who did much to bring about a Jewish intellectual RENAISSANCE in Central Europe in the 1920s. Influenced by KANT, NIETZSCHE and KIERKEGAARD, Buber drew upon the Jewish HASIDIC TRADITION with its… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Buber,Martin — Bu·ber (bo͞oʹbər), Martin. 1878 1965. Austrian born Judaic scholar and philosopher whose influential I and Thou (1923) posits a direct personal dialogue between God and the individual. * * * …   Universalium

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