ontological arguments

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Ontological argument — The ontological argument for the existence of God (or simply ontological argument) is an a priori proof for the existence of God. The ontological argument was first proposed by the eleventh century monk Anselm of Canterbury, who defined God as… …   Wikipedia

  • ontological argument — Philos. an a priori argument for the existence of God, asserting that as existence is a perfection, and as God is conceived of as the most perfect being, it follows that God must exist; originated by Anselm, later used by Duns Scotus, Descartes,… …   Universalium

  • Gödel's ontological proof — is a formalization of Saint Anselm s ontological argument for God s existence by the mathematician Kurt Gödel.St. Anselm s ontological argument, in its most succinct form, is as follows: God, by definition, is that than which a greater cannot be… …   Wikipedia

  • God, arguments for the existence of —    Arguments for the existence of God are arguments that purport to prove, or provide rational grounds to believe in, the existence of God. Of these types of arguments there are two basic divisions: a posteriori and a priori. The ontological… …   Christian Philosophy

  • argument, ontological —    The ontological argument, classically formulated by Anselm of Canterbury and later by Descartes, has been a bone of philosophical contention for nearly a millennium. One formulation of the argument, derived from Anselm, goes like this:    1.… …   Christian Philosophy

  • God, arguments for the existence of — See cosmological argument ; degrees of perfection argument ; design, argument from or to ; first cause argument ; Five Ways ; ontological argument ; Pascal s wager …   Philosophy dictionary

  • God, arguments for the existence of —    Although the Qur’an provides no strict proofs for the existence of God, it repeatedly urges us to consider the origin, harmonious order and sustained existence of the world, and to draw the appropriate conclusion. In this manner, it lays the… …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • John Scottus Eriugena and Anselm of Canterbury — Stephen Gersh INTRODUCTION by John Marenbon John Scottus Eriugena came from Ireland, as his name indicates (‘Scottus’ meant ‘Irishman’ in the Latin of this period, and ‘Eriugena’, a neologism invented by John himself, is a flowery way of saying… …   History of philosophy

  • Онтологический аргумент — Онтологический аргумент  это одна из категорий аргументов, относящихся к вопросу существования Бога, появившаяся в Христианской Теологии. Не существует точных критериев для классификации онтологических аргументов, но аргументы типично… …   Википедия

  • Existenz Gottes — Der Ausdruck Gottesbeweis bezeichnet in neuzeitlicher Terminologie den Versuch, die Existenz eines bzw. des Gottes zu beweisen oder plausibel zu machen. Die Einschätzung der Intention historischer Argumente ist kontrovers; oftmals wird vertreten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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