Boscovich, Roger Joseph
(1711–1787)
Jesuit mathematician and scientist. Born in Dubrovnik of Serbian and Italian parents, Rudjer Josip Boškoviś was educated at Rome, and became professor of mathematics at the Collegium Romanum in 1740. He contributed extensively to different branches of mathematics and physics, but his philosophical fame rests on Philosophiae Naturalis Theoria Redacta ad Unicam Legem Virium in Natura Existentium (‘A Theory of Natural Philosophy Reduced to a Single Law of the Actions Existing in Nature’, 1758, trs. as Theory of Natural Philosophy, 1922). In this work Boscovich rejects the corpuscular theory that bases physics on the actions of impenetrable, inelastic, solid, massy atoms. Instead, following some of Leibniz's objections to this conception, he develops a theory of puncta, or point particles, interacting with each other according to an oscillatory law. There is nothing to the existence of a point particle except the kinematic forces with which it is associated. Boscovich's views were influential on scientists such as Michael Faraday and James Clerk Maxwell and provided a forerunner of modern field theories. See also action at a distance, corpuscles, field.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • BOSCOVICH, ROGER JOSEPH —    an Italian mathematician and astronomer, born at Ragusa; entered the Order of the Jesuits; was professor in Pavia, and afterwards at Milan; discovered the equator of the sun and the period of its rotation; advocated the molecular theory of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Roger Joseph Boscovich — Rugjer Josip Bošković, Gemälde von R. Edge Pine, 1760 Rugjer Josip Bošković (* 18. Mai 1711 in Ragusa, damals autonome Stadtrepublik, heute Dubrovnik, Kroatien; † 12. Februar 1787 in Mailand, Italien) geboren und war ein Jesuit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roger Joseph Boscovich — Infobox Scientist caption=Portrait by Robert Edge Pine, London, 1760. dead=dead birth date=birth date|1711|5|18 birth place = Dubrovnik, Republic of Ragusa death date=death date|1787|2|13 death place = Milan, Duchy of Milan residence = Milan… …   Wikipedia

  • Roger Joseph Boscovich — Ruđer Josip Bošković Roger Joseph Boscovich Ruđer Josip Bošković (18 mai 1711, Raguse 13 février 1787, Milan), ou Roger Joseph Boscovich, ou encore Ruggiero Giuseppe Boscovich était un jésuite, mathématicien, physicien, astronome, poète latin et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Boscovich — Boscovich, Roger Joseph …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Boscovich — Rugjer Josip Bošković, Gemälde von R. Edge Pine, 1760 Rugjer Josip Bošković (* 18. Mai 1711 in Ragusa, damals autonome Stadtrepublik, heute Dubrovnik, Kroatien; † 12. Februar 1787 in Mailand, Italien) geboren und war ein Jesuit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Bayma — (born November, 1816 in Piedmont, Italy; died February 7, 1892 at Santa Clara, California) was a mathematician, philosopher, and scientist. He is known for work relating to stereochemistry and mathematics.He entered the Society of Jesus on… …   Wikipedia

  • Boscŏvich — (spr. Boskowitsch), Roger Joseph, geb. 1711 in Ragusa, trat in den Jesuitenorden, wurde 1740 Professor der Mathematik im Collegium romanum in Rom, vollzog 1750–53 mit dem Pater Maire die Gradmessung im Kirchenstaate, machte dann eine große Reue,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Boscovich — (spr. bóskowitsch), Roger Joseph, Mathematiker und Astronom, geb. 18. Mai 1711 in Ragusa, gest. 15. (13.) Febr. 1787, trat früh in den Jesuitenorden, wurde 1740 Lehrer der Mathematik und Philosophie am Collegium Romanum und führte im Kirchenstaat …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Roger Boscovich — Ruđer Josip Bošković Roger Joseph Boscovich Ruđer Josip Bošković (18 mai 1711, Raguse 13 février 1787, Milan), ou Roger Joseph Boscovich, ou encore Ruggiero Giuseppe Boscovich était un jésuite, mathématicien, physicien, astronome, poète latin et… …   Wikipédia en Français

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