body
The body is often contrasted unfavourably with the mind, and in Pythagorean, Indian and Christian traditions bodily residence is a kind of penance compared with the full joy of purely spiritual existence. However most 20th-century philosophy has acknowledged, at least in principle, that embodiment is a necessary condition of a mental life: our bodies are not just parts of the world external to our minds. A proper account of the nature of our perception of our own bodies, and the place of our bodies in perceiving other things, has been most resolutely pursued by phenomenologists, particularly by Merleau-Ponty (Phenomenology of Perception, 1962, Part 1). In this approach perception of the body and by means of the body is not passive reception of experience from a point of view ‘inside’ the head, but an active, living synthesis of movement and awareness of space: ‘experience of one's own body runs counter to the reflective procedure which detaches subject and object from each other.’

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Synonyms:
, (as distinguished from the spirit or life) / , , / / (as distinguished from the limbs), , / , (as distinguished from subordinate parts), / , , , , / , , , , , , / , , / , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • body — body …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Body — Bod y, n.; pl. {Bodies}. [OE. bodi, AS. bodig; akin to OHG. botah. [root]257. Cf. {Bodice}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The material organized substance of an animal, whether living or dead, as distinguished from the spirit, or vital principle; the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • body — I (collection) noun aggregation, assemblage, batch, colligation, community, company, compilation, congeries, conglomeration, entity, gathering, host, mass, multitude, plenum, polity, sodality, troupe, wholeness associated concepts: body corporate …   Law dictionary

  • BODY — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • body — [ bɔdi ] n. m. • mil. XXe; mot angl. « corps » ♦ Anglic. Vêtement, sous vêtement féminin très collant, d une seule pièce, couvrant le tronc. ⇒ justaucorps. Des bodys (ou des bodies) de dentelle. ● body nom masculin (anglais …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • body — [bäd′ē] n. pl. bodies [ME bodi, bodig < OE bodig, trunk, chest, orig. sense “cask,” akin to MLowG boddike, tub for brewing, OHG botah; prob. < It bottega, shop < L apotheca: see APOTHECARY] 1. the whole physical structure and substance… …   English World dictionary

  • body — ► NOUN (pl. bodies) 1) the physical structure, including the bones, flesh, and organs, of a person or an animal. 2) the torso. 3) a corpse. 4) the main or central part of something. 5) a mass or collection. 6) an organized group of people with a… …   English terms dictionary

  • body — (n.) O.E. bodig trunk, chest (of a man or animal); related to O.H.G. botah, of unknown origin. Not elsewhere in Germanic, and the word has died out in German, replaced by leib, originally life, and körper, from Latin. In English, extension to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • body — [n1] physique anatomy, bag of bones*, beefcake*, bod*, boody*, build, carcass, chassis, constitution, embodiment, figure, form, frame, makeup, mortal part, protoplasm, shaft, shape, tenement, torso, trunk; concept 405 Ant. mind, soul, spirit body …   New thesaurus

  • body — bódy (angl.) s. n., art. bódy ul; pl. bódy uri Trimis de Laura ana, 14.03.2008. Sursa: DOOM 2  BODY [BÖDI] s. n. tricou din jerseu elastic care se mulează pe corp. (< engl. body, corp) Trimis de raduborza, 14.03.2008. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • body — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. n ndm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} jednoczęściowy, obcisły strój kobiecy, przypominający połączenie bluzki (koszulki) i majtek (lub obcisłych, krótkich spodenek), zapinany zazwyczaj w kroku na haftki, guziki itp., noszony też jako… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

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