act/omissions doctrine

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • acts/omissions doctrine — The doctrine that it makes an ethical difference whether an agent actively intervenes to bring about a result, or omits to act in circumstances in which it is foreseen that as a result of the omission the same result occurs. Thus suppose I wish… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Homicide Act 1957 — The Homicide Act 1957 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (5 6 Eliz. II c. 11).It was enacted as a partial reform of the common law offence of murder in English law by abolishing the doctrine of constructive malice (except in… …   Wikipedia

  • killing — For the distinction between killing and letting die, see act/omissions doctrine ; see also abortion, death, euthanasia, just war …   Philosophy dictionary

  • nothing — The non existence of all things; a concept that can be frightening, fascinating, or dismissed as the product of the logical confusion of treating the term ‘nothing’ as itself a referring expression instead of a quantifier . This confusion leads… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • deceit — The intentional attempt to mislead people. It gives rise to questions of definition (separating it from such neighbours as exaggeration, irony, parody) and to questions of justification. Many moral traditions separate the deliberate lie from the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • ethics — /eth iks/, n.pl. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a system of moral principles: the ethics of a culture. 2. the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc.: medical ethics;… …   Universalium

  • immunity — im·mu·ni·ty /i myü nə tē/ n pl ties [Latin immunitas, from immunis exempt from public service, exempt, from in non + munis (from munia services)] 1: exemption from a duty or liability that is granted by law to a person or class of persons a… …   Law dictionary

  • Duty of care in English law — English Tort law Part of the common law series Negligence Duty of care Bolam test Breach of duty Causation …   Wikipedia

  • insurance — /in shoor euhns, sherr /, n. 1. the act, system, or business of insuring property, life, one s person, etc., against loss or harm arising in specified contingencies, as fire, accident, death, disablement, or the like, in consideration of a… …   Universalium

  • Corporate liability — In criminal law, corporate liability determines the extent to which a corporation as a legal person can be liable for the acts and omissions of the natural persons it employs. It is sometimes regarded as an aspect of criminal vicarious liability …   Wikipedia

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