Wyclif, John
(c. 1320–1384)
Scholastic philosopher and reformer. Wyclif's major work was the Summa de Ente, a collection of two books with six treatises in each. His central preoccupation was the problem of universals . Wyclif accepts an out-and-out realism, arguing the Platonic and Augustine position of universalia ante rem, universals are prior to the particular in logic and time. They form the way in which God understands creatures; a singular thing partakes of a universal as a kind of projection of the mind of God. It follows that it is incapable of annihilation. Wyclif's views were condemned at the Council of Constance. Politically Wyclif's belief in predestination threatened to remove the rationale for the organized Church of his day, an unpopular consequence, compounded by his view that only those with grace could exercise dominion.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Wyclif, John — • Lengthy biographical article. Includes bibliography Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Wyclif, John     John Wyclif …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Wyclif, John — (ca. 1330 1384)    English theologian, professor of theology at Oxford. His teachings were condemned as heretical, but Wyclif himself had such powerful support from the royal family that he could not be punished, though he was forced to retire… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Wyclif, John —    See Wiclif, John …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Wyclif, John — See Late medieval philosophy, 1350–1500 …   History of philosophy

  • Wiclif, or Wyclif, John — (1320? 1384)    Theologian and translator of the Bible, b. near Richmond, Yorkshire, studied at Balliol Coll., Oxf., of which he became in 1361 master, and taking orders, became Vicar of Fillingham, Lincolnshire, when he resigned his mastership,… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Wyclif — [ˈwɪklɪf], auch Wicliffe, Wiclef, Wycliff, Wycliffe, genannt Doctor evangelicus (* spätestens 1330 in Spreswell in Yorkshire; † 31. Dezember 1384), war ein englischer Philosoph, Theologe und Kirchenreforme …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Wycliff — John Wyclif John Wyclif [ˈwɪklɪf], auch Wicliffe, Wiclef, Wycliff, Wycliffe, genannt Doctor evangelicus (* spätestens 1330 in Spreswell in Yorkshire; † 31. Dezember 1384), war ein englischer Philosoph, Theologe und Kirchenreformer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wyclif — John Wyclif John Wyclif [ˈwɪklɪf], auch Wicliffe, Wiclef, Wycliff, Wycliffe, genannt Doctor evangelicus (* spätestens 1330 in Spreswell in Yorkshire; † 31. Dezember 1384), war ein englischer Philosoph, Theologe und Kirchenreformer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Wyclif —     John Wyclif     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Wyclif     (WYCLIFFE, or WICLIF, etc.).     Writer and reformer , b. probably at Hipswell near Richmond, in Yorkshire, 1324; d. at Lutterworth, Leicestershire, 31 Dec., 1384. His family is said… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John Wycliffe — John Wickliffe redirects here. For the ship, see John Wickliffe (ship). John Wycliffe Full name John Wycliffe Born c. 1328 Ipreswell, England Died 31 December 1384 …   Wikipedia

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