Wollstonecraft, Mary
(1759–1797)
English radical and feminist . Largely self-taught, in 1787, after the failure of the nonconformist school she had founded, she published Thoughts on the Education of Daughters . She became a member of a radical group including Paine, Godwin, and the painter Fuseli (1741–1825). In 1796 after a prolonged and unhappy affair with the American Gilbert Imlay, she married William Godwin, by whom she was pregnant, but died ten days after the birth of their daughter Mary (later Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein ). Her most important works were A Vindication of the Rights of Men (1790), an answer to Burke's conservative reaction to the French revolution, and the groundbreaking Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792), a direct challenge to Rousseau's assumptions of feminine inferiority. Her feminism was deeply founded on a radical nonconformist and egalitarian social philosophy; something of her attitude to manly virtue can be inferred from her description of an army corps as a ‘chain of despots, who, submitting and tyrannizing without exercising their reason, become dead weights of vice and folly on the community’. Other works include The Female Reader (1789) and History and Moral View of the Origins and Progress of the French Revolution (1793).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Wollstonecraft, Mary — born April 27, 1759, London, Eng. died Sept. 10, 1797, London English writer. She taught school and worked as a governess and as a translator for a London publisher. Her early Thoughts on the Education of Daughters (1787) foreshadowed her mature… …   Universalium

  • Wollstonecraft, Mary — (27 abr. 1759, Londres, Inglaterra–10 sep. 1797, Londres). Escritora inglesa. Enseñó en una escuela y trabajó como institutriz y traductora para un editor de Londres. La publicación temprana de Thoughts on the Education of Daughters [Reflexiones… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wollstonecraft,Mary — Woll·stone·craft (wo͝olʹstən krăft , kräft ), Mary. In full Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin. 1759 1797. British writer and reformer noted for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), considered the first important feminist essay. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wollstonecraft, Mary —  (1759–1797) English author, mother of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • WOLLSTONECRAFT, MARY —    See GODWIN …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Wollstonecraft — Wollstonecraft, Mary …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Mary Wollstonecraft — Portrait par John Opie (v. 1797). Activités Femme de lettres Naissan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mary W. Shelley — Mary Shelley, 1840 gemalt von Richard Rothwell Mary Shelley (* 30. August 1797 in London; † 1. Februar 1851 ebenda), geborene Mary Godwin, häufig auch als Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley bezeichnet, war eine englische Schriftstellerin des frühen 19.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mary Wollstonecraft-Shelley — Mary Shelley, 1840 gemalt von Richard Rothwell Mary Shelley (* 30. August 1797 in London; † 1. Februar 1851 ebenda), geborene Mary Godwin, häufig auch als Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley bezeichnet, war eine englische Schriftstellerin des frühen 19.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley — Mary Shelley, 1840 gemalt von Richard Rothwell Mary Shelley (* 30. August 1797 in London; † 1. Februar 1851 ebenda), geborene Mary Godwin, häufig auch als Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley bezeichnet, war eine englische Schriftstellerin des frühen 19.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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