von Neumann machine
Named after the mathematician John von Neumann (1903–57), a von Neumann machine is a computer built around (i) a control unit, an arithmetic and logic unit, a memory, and input and output facilities; (ii) a way of storing programs in memory; and (iii) a method whereby the control unit sequentially reads and carries out instructions from the program. A non-von Neumann machine is an architecture without some or all of these elements: the most discussed examples in philosophy are networks implementing parallel distributed processing (see connectionism ).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • von Neumann machine — ▪ computer science  the basic design of the modern, or classical, computer. The concept was fully articulated by three of the principal scientists involved in the construction of ENIAC during World War II Arthur Burks, Herman Goldstine, and John… …   Universalium

  • von Neumann machine — noun any digital computer incorporating the ideas of stored programs and serial counters that were proposed in 1946 by von Neumann and his colleagues • Hypernyms: ↑digital computer …   Useful english dictionary

  • von Neumann machine — noun a) Any computer that has a central processing unit and can store programs in memory b) Any machine that is capable of self replication …   Wiktionary

  • Von Neumann (disambiguation) — von Neumann may refer to:* von Neumann (crater), a lunar impact crater * von Neumann (surname), a German surnameee also* von Neumann algebra * von Neumann architecture * von Neumann conjecture * von Neumann entropy * von Neumann machine * von… …   Wikipedia

  • Von Neumann architecture — The term Von Neumann architecture, aka the Von Neumann model, derives from a computer architecture proposal by the mathematician and early computer scientist John von Neumann and others, dated June 30, 1945, entitled First Draft of a Report on… …   Wikipedia

  • von Neumann, John — orig. Johann Von Neumann born Dec. 3, 1903, Budapest, Hung. died Feb. 8, 1957, Washington, D.C., U.S. Hungarian born U.S. mathematician. After receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Budapest, he emigrated to the U.S. to teach at Princeton… …   Universalium

  • Von Neumann — John von Neumann Pour les articles homonymes, voir Neumann. John von Neumann …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Von Neumann cellular automaton — Von Neumann cellular automata are the original expression of cellular automata, the development of which were prompted by suggestions made to John von Neumann by his close friend and fellow mathematician Stanisław Ulam. Their original purpose was …   Wikipedia

  • Von Neumann universal constructor — John von Neumann s Universal Constructor is a self replicating machine in a cellular automata environment. It was designed in the 1940s, without the use of a computer. The fundamental details of the machine were published in von Neumann s book… …   Wikipedia

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