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**n-place predicate**— A predicate thought of as an open sentence that requires n variables to be either bound or substituted by a referring expression to make a closed sentence. Thus ‘ x is the daughter of y ’ is a two place predicate, that can be turned into a… … Philosophy dictionary**Monadic predicate calculus**— In logic, the monadic predicate calculus is the fragment of predicate calculus in which all predicate letters are monadic (that is, they take only one argument), and there are no function letters. All atomic formulae have the form P(x), where P… … Wikipedia**formal logic**— the branch of logic concerned exclusively with the principles of deductive reasoning and with the form rather than the content of propositions. [1855 60] * * * Introduction the abstract study of propositions, statements, or assertively used … Universalium**Nominative–accusative language**— Nominative accusative alignment Linguistic typology Morphological Isolating Synthetic … Wikipedia**Identity (philosophy)**— In philosophy, identity, from Latin: identitas (“sameness”), is the relation each thing bears just to itself. [1] According to Leibniz s law two things sharing every attribute are not only similar, but are the same thing. The concept of sameness… … Wikipedia**logic, history of**— Introduction the history of the discipline from its origins among the ancient Greeks to the present time. Origins of logic in the West Precursors of ancient logic There was a medieval tradition according to which the Greek philosopher … Universalium**First-order logic**— is a formal logical system used in mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, and computer science. It goes by many names, including: first order predicate calculus, the lower predicate calculus, quantification theory, and predicate logic (a less… … Wikipedia**Relational model**— The relational model for database management is a database model based on first order predicate logic, first formulated and proposed in 1969 by Edgar Codd. [ Derivability, Redundancy, and Consistency of Relations Stored in Large Data Banks , E.F … Wikipedia**Finitary relation**— This article sets out the set theoretic notion of relation. For a more elementary point of view, see Binary relation. For a combinatorial viewpoint, see Theory of relations. For other uses, see Relation (disambiguation). In set theory and logic,… … Wikipedia**Alfred Tarski**— Infobox scientist name = Alfred Tarski caption = birth date = birth date|1901|01|14 birth place = Warsaw, Poland (under Russian rule at the time) death date = death date|1983|10|26 death place = Berkeley, California fields = Mathematics, logic,… … Wikipedia