thinking
It is common to suppose that people are characterized by their rationality, and the most evident display of our rationality is our capacity to think. This is the rehearsal in the mind of what to say, or what to do. Not all thinking is verbal, since chess players, composers, and painters all think, and there is no a priori reason that their deliberations should take any more verbal a form than their actions. It is permanently tempting to conceive of this activity in terms of the presence in the mind of elements of some language, or other medium that represent aspects of the world (see language of thought hypothesis, ideas ). But the model has been attacked, notably by Wittgenstein, as insufficient, since no such presence could carry a guarantee that the right use would be made of it. And such an inner presence seems unnecessary, since an intelligent outcome might arise in principle without it. See also animal thought.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Thinking — Think ing, n. The act of thinking; mode of thinking; imagination; cogitation; judgment. [1913 Webster] I heard a bird so sing, Whose music, to my thinking, pleased the king. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thinking — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ using thought or rational judgement; intelligent. ► NOUN ▪ a person s ideas or opinions. ● put on one s thinking cap Cf. ↑put on one s thinking cap …   English terms dictionary

  • thinking — [thiŋ′kiŋ] adj. 1. that thinks or can think; rational 2. given to thought; reflective n. the action of one who thinks or the result of such action; thought put on one s thinking cap to begin careful thinking about a problem …   English World dictionary

  • Thinking — Think ing, a. Having the faculty of thought; cogitative; capable of a regular train of ideas; as, man is a thinking being. {Think ing*ly}, adv. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thinking — thinking; un·thinking; …   English syllables

  • thinking — index assumption (supposition), circumspect, cogitative, conviction (persuasion), dialectic, opinion ( …   Law dictionary

  • thinking — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun 1 using your mind to think ADJECTIVE ▪ deep, hard, serious ▪ This topic requires a lot of deep thinking. ▪ good ▪ Yes, I ll email her instead that …   Collocations dictionary

  • thinking — think|ing1 [ θıŋkıŋ ] noun uncount 1. ) an opinion or set of ideas: thinking on/about: His thinking on social issues has changed considerably over the years. thinking behind: Can you explain the thinking behind your current proposal?… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • thinking — I UK [ˈθɪŋkɪŋ] / US adjective [only before noun] * able to consider things carefully and understand what is important He insults the intelligence of every thinking person out there. • the thinking man s/woman s/person s... used before the name of …   English dictionary

  • thinking — think|ing1 [ˈθıŋkıŋ] n [U] 1.) your opinion or ideas about something, or your attitude towards it ▪ The Administration s thinking changed as the war progressed. ▪ Well, to my way of thinking (=in my opinion) , they should have done that years ago …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • thinking — [[t]θɪ̱ŋkɪŋ[/t]] ♦♦ 1) N UNCOUNT: with poss The general ideas or opinions of a person or group can be referred to as their thinking. There was undeniably a strong theoretical dimension to his thinking. ...the direction of the ANC s thinking on… …   English dictionary

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