Ayer, Alfred Jules
(1910–1989)
English philosopher and left-wing intellectual. Born of a Swiss father and Belgian mother, Ayer was educated in Britain. After graduating from Oxford in 1932 he studied in Vienna for a year, before returning to teach at Oxford. His exposure to the logical positivists produced the scintillating and iconoclastic Language, Truth, and Logic (1936), which introduced positivism to the wider English-speaking public. It was followed by the Foundations of Empirical Knowledge in 1940. After the war Ayer held chairs at University College London, from 1946, and at Oxford from 1959. The Problem of Knowledge (1956) has been an influential introduction to that topic. In later years Ayer turned increasingly to the history of philosophy, producing volumes on Moore and Russell, Pragmatism, Hume, and Voltaire . His philosophy was infused with the empiricism of Hume and the logic of Russell, and inherited both the strengths and weaknesses of those thinkers. Ayer also played a prominent intellectual role in British political life, writing for a wider public and espousing a variety of liberal causes with notable flair and wit.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Ayer, Alfred Jules — (1910 89)    Ayer, sometime Wykeham Professor of Logic at Oxford, is chiefly of interest to Christian philosophers because of his outspoken attack on religious belief in his 1936 classic Language, Truth and Logic. In this book he claimed that… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Alfred Jules Ayer — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ayer (homonymie). Alfred Jules Ayer Philosophe occidental Époque contemporaine Alfred Jules Ayer Alfred Jul …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Jules Ayer — (* 29. Oktober 1910 in St. John’s Wood, London; † 27. Juni 1989) war ein britischer Philosoph. Er trug wesentlich zur Popularisierung des Logischen Empirismus in englischsprachigen Ländern vor allem durch seine Hauptschriften Language, Truth and… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Jules Ayer — Sir Alfred Jules Ayer (Londres, 29 de octubre de 1910 ibid., 27 de junio de 1989). Pedagogo y filósofo británico, padre del positivismo lógico. Divulgador en Inglaterra de la obra y de la filosofía del Círculo de Viena. Su obra principal fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfred Jules Ayer — ➡ Ayer * * * …   Universalium

  • AYER, Sir Alfred Jules — (1910 1989)    English linguistic philosopher and humanist whose best work Language, Truth and Logic (1936), introduced LOGICAL POSITIVISM to the English speaking world. The central demand of this work was the elimination of METAPHYSICS. In 1988 …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Ayer — Ayer, Alfred Jules …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Alfred Ayer — Alfred Jules Ayer (* 29. Oktober 1910 in St. John’s Wood , London; † 27. Juni 1989) war ein britischer Philosoph. Er trug wesentlich zur Popularisierung des Logischen Empirismus in englischsprachigen Ländern vor allem durch seine Hauptschriften… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Ayer — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 20th century philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = A J Ayer name = Alfred Jules Ayer birth = birth date|1910|10|29 death = death date and age |1989|06|27|1910|10|29 school tradition =… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfred Ayer — Alfred Jules Ayer Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ayer (homonymie). Alfred Jules Ayer (Londres, 29 octobre 1910 27 juin 1989) est un philosophe, logicien et éthicien britannique. Il a écrit le livre Language, Truth, and… …   Wikipédia en Français

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