supervenience
Term introduced by Hare to describe the way that ethical properties relate to other, psychological and natural properties of things. Properties of one kind, F, supervene upon those of another kind, G, when things are F in virtue of being G. Thus a person cannot just be good, but must be good in virtue of possessing other properties, such as courage or kindness. The supervening property relates to the underlying qualities in at least this way: if one thing possesses the underlying properties and is F, then any other thing with the same underlying properties must share the resultant property F. Sometimes a distinction is made between weak supervenience, where this is held only of other actual things, and strong supervenience, where it applies to all possible things.
The notion is exploited in many areas: for example, biological properties plausibly supervene upon chemical ones; mental properties upon physical ones; dispositional properties and powers upon categorical ones, and so on. One promise the notion holds out is that by its means we can understand the relation of such different layers of description without attempting a reduction of the one area to the other. The value of this promise depends on how well we understand the supervenience relation itself. If it is a dangling, inexplicable, metaphysical fact that the Fs relate in this way to the Gs, then supervenience inherits rather than solves the problems of understanding the various areas. See also variable realization.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Supervenience — In philosophy, supervenience is a kind of dependency relationship, typically held to obtain between sets of properties. According to one standard definition, a set of properties A supervenes on a set of properties B, if and only if any two… …   Wikipedia

  • supervenience — See supervenient. * * * In philosophy, the asymmetrical relation of ontological dependence that holds between two generically different sets of properties (e.g., mental and physical properties) if and only if every change in an object s… …   Universalium

  • supervenience — noun The state or quality of being supervenient, of being in a dependency relationship such that an object with the supervened properties must also have the supervening properties See Also: superdupervenience, supervene, supervenient,… …   Wiktionary

  • supervenience — n. surprising event, unexpected occurrence …   English contemporary dictionary

  • supervenience — su·per·ve·nience …   English syllables

  • supervenience — ˌsüpə(r)ˈvēnyən(t)s noun ( s) Etymology: from supervenient, after such pairs as English excellent : excellence : the character, condition, or fact of being supervenient …   Useful english dictionary

  • supervene — supervenience …   Philosophy dictionary

  • supervenient — supervenience …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Supervening — supervenience …   Philosophy dictionary

  • supervene — supervenience /sooh peuhr veen yeuhns/, supervention /sooh peuhr ven sheuhn/, n. supervenient /sooh peuhr veen yeuhnt/, adj. /sooh peuhr veen /, v.i., supervened, supervening. 1. to take place or occur as something additional or extraneous… …   Universalium

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