suicide
Intentional self-killing. Wide definitions would include martyrdom and self-sacrifice; narrower definitions would be motivated by the thought that these cases are frequently noble and heroic, whereas suicide is a common object of moral prohibition. This prohibition was shaky in the early Christian tradition, and uncommon in other cultures, where suicide in various circumstances may be institutionally embedded. The ban was fortified in the middle ages and it became a bone of contention between Enlightenment thinkers, notably Hume, and conservatives such as Kant . Suicide became fashionable in the Romantic era, but diagnosed as the result of either psychological illness ( Freud ) or the pressures of social conditions ( Durkheim ) by the 20th century. An awakening perception of the intolerable ways the medical profession manages death, especially in the United States, has led to death-with-dignity movements, assisted by sympathetic physicians and self-help groups. See also euthanasia.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • SUICIDE — Le suicide trahit au premier chef le désir de surmonter l’irréversibilité, mais dans l’antécédence. «C’est parfois la peur de la mort qui pousse les hommes à la mort», disait Épicure. Mais qu’est ce que cette crainte de la mort, sinon l’attente… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Suicide — • The act of one who causes his own death, either by positively destroying his own life, as by inflicting on himself a mortal wound or injury, or by omitting to do what is necessary to escape death, as by refusing to leave a burning house… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • suicide — is a major public health problem for China that is only gradually being recognized. During the period from 1995 to 1999, there were an estimated 287,000 suicides each year, which makes suicide the fifth most important cause of death in the… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Suicide — Основная информация Жанры …   Википедия

  • Suicide — Datos generales Origen Nueva York, NY Estado En activo Información artística …   Wikipedia Español

  • suicide — n. The act of killing oneself. v. commit suicide The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008. suicide a killing of …   Law dictionary

  • suicide — deliberate killing of oneself, 1650s, from Mod.L. suicidium suicide, from L. sui of oneself (gen. of se self ), from PIE *s(u)w o one s own, from root *s(w)e (see IDIOM (Cf. idiom)) + cidium a killing (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • suicide — [so͞o′ə sīd΄] n. [L sui, of oneself (< IE * sewe , refl. pron. < base * se , apart > OE swæs, own) + CIDE] 1. the act of killing oneself intentionally 2. ruin of one s interests or prospects through one s own actions, policies, etc. 3. a …   English World dictionary

  • Suicide — Su i*cide, n. [L. sui of one s self (akin to suus one s own) + caedere to slay, to kill. Cf. {So}, adv., {Homicide}.] 1. The act of taking one s own life voluntary and intentionally; self murder; specifically (Law), the felonious killing of one s …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • suicide — ► NOUN 1) the action of killing oneself intentionally. 2) a person who does this. 3) (before another noun ) referring to a military operation carried out by people who do not expect to survive it: a suicide bomber. 4) a course of action which is… …   English terms dictionary

  • Suicide — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Punkrock, New Wave, No Wave Gründung Anfang 1970er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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