state of nature
The state of human beings outside civil society, invoked by philosophers such as Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, in order to clarify what is explained by nature as opposed to what is explained by convention, and what is justified in each way. For Hobbes the state of nature is a war of all against all, and the life of man ‘solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short’. Society is justified as the remedy to this appalling state (see also social contract ). Others such as Rousseau have been more optimistic, up to the vision of noble anarchy with family-like relations performing all the role of social bonding that modern societies supplement with legal coercion. The whole notion is rejected as an analytic tool by Hegel and Marx, since it is society itself that has created the nature of human beings, and their capacity for rational action. Sociobiology confirms that we naturally inherit a network of adaptations for life in society.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • State of nature — is a term in political philosophy used in social contract theories to describe the hypothetical condition that preceded governments. There must have been a time before government, and so the question is how legitimate government could emerge from …   Wikipedia

  • State of Nature — may refer to: *State of nature *State of Nature (album) …   Wikipedia

  • In a state of nature — Nature Na ture (?; 135), n. [F., fr. L. natura, fr. natus born, produced, p. p. of nasci to be born. See {Nation}.] 1. The existing system of things; the universe of matter, energy, time and space; the physical world; all of creation. Contrasted… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • State of New York —     State of New York     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► State of New York     One of the thirteen colonies of Great Britain, which on 4 July, 1776, adopted the Declaration of Independence and became the United States of America.     BOUNDARIES AND… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • State of Play (Conference series) — State of Play is a conference series put on by the Institute for Information Law Policy at New York Law School which deals with the intersection of virtual worlds, games and the lawPast ConferencesThere have been five State of Play conferences to …   Wikipedia

  • State of Dogs — Directed by Peter Brosens, Dorjkhandyn Turmunkh Produced by Peter Brosens, Jan Ewout Ruiter, Kristiina Pervila …   Wikipedia

  • State of Fear — Welt in Angst (Originaltitel: State of Fear) ist der Titel eines Romans von Michael Crichton aus dem Jahr 2004. Der Roman befasst sich mit der angeblichen Instrumentalisierung der Klimaforschung für politische und wirtschaftliche Interessen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • State of Fear (Roman) — Welt in Angst (Originaltitel: State of Fear) ist der Titel eines Romans von Michael Crichton aus dem Jahr 2004. Der Roman befasst sich mit der angeblichen Instrumentalisierung der Klimaforschung für politische und wirtschaftliche Interessen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • State of Palestine — This article is about the political entity proclaimed in 1988. For other uses, see Palestine (disambiguation). State of Palestine[1][i] دولة فلسطين …   Wikipedia

  • State of Mexico — This article is about the state called Mexico within the country of the same name. For the country, see Mexico. For the federal district, see Mexico City. For the divisions of Mexico known as states, see States of Mexico. For other uses, see… …   Wikipedia

  • State of Trance — Armin van Buuren 2007 in New York Armin van Buuren (* 25. Dezember 1976 in Leiden, Niederlande) ist ein niederländischer Trance DJ und Produzent. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”