Sidgwick, Henry
(1838–1900)
English philosopher. Sidgwick was a quintessentially late Victorian Cambridge figure. He was Fellow of Trinity College from 1859 to 1869, when he resigned because religious doubts meant that he could no longer subscribe to the Thirty-nine Articles, and professor of moral philosophy from 1883 to 1900. Sidgwick was a champion of women's education and he and his wife Eleanor Balfour were principal founders of Newnham College, of which she became Principal in 1892. Sidgwick was also a mainstay of the Society for Psychical Research. His most important work is the monumental Methods of Ethics (1874). The methods are first, those of intuitive common sense, taking perfection as its goal and relying on a variety of self-evident moral principles; secondly, the method of calculating self-interest; and thirdly, that of general utilitarianism. The work is generally regarded as a classic statement of the different kinds of ethical argument. In particular, Sidgwick anticipated Moore in his denial that ethical terms are capable of definition. However, at the end of the day, he found himself unable to reconcile the demands of self-interest and those of ethics (see sensible knave ), so the relationship between ethical demands and others remains uneasy.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Sidgwick, Henry — Sidgwick C.A.J.Coady Unlike John Stuart Mill or Jeremy Bentham, Henry Sidgwick’s is hardly a household name in intellectual circles beyond the world of professional philosophy. His standing amongst many contemporary moral philosophers as possibly …   History of philosophy

  • Sidgwick, Henry — born May 31, 1838, Skipton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 29, 1900, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British philosopher. Educated at Cambridge, he remained there as a fellow (from 1859) and professor (from 1883). His Methods of Ethics (1874) is considered… …   Universalium

  • Sidgwick, Henry — (31 may. 1838, Skipton, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–29 ago. 1900, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire). Filósofo británico. Educado en Cambridge, donde permaneció como catedrático asociado (desde 1859) y profesor (desde 1883). Su libro Los métodos de la ética… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SIDGWICK, HENRY —    writer on ethics, born at Shipton, Yorkshire; professor of Moral Philosophy at Cambridge; Methods of Ethics, being a compromise between the intuitionalists and utilitarians, the Principles of Political Economy, and the Elements of Politics ;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sidgwick — Sidgwick, Henry …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Henry Sidgwick — Henry Sidgwick, philosophe anglais, né à Skipton dans le Yorkshire, a vécu du 31 mai 1838 au 28 août 1900. Ses travaux ont porté sur l économie et la morale. Avec Jeremy Bentham et James Mill, il fait partie de ce qu on …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Sidgwick — Nacimiento 31 de mayo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henry Sidgwick — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 19th century philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = name = Henry Sidgwick birth = birth date|1838|5|31| death = death date and age|1900|8|28|1838|5|31| school tradition = Utilitarianism… …   Wikipedia

  • henry — /hen ree/, n., pl. henries, henrys. Elect. the SI unit of inductance, formally defined to be the inductance of a closed circuit in which an electromotive force of one volt is produced when the electric current in the circuit varies uniformly at a …   Universalium

  • Henry — /hen ree/, n. 1. Joseph, 1797 1878, U.S. physicist. 2. O., pen name of William Sydney Porter. 3. Patrick, 1736 99, American patriot, orator, and statesman. 4. Cape, a cape in SE Virginia at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. 5. Fort. See …   Universalium

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