Austin, John
(1790–1859)
British philosopher of law. Born in London, after a brief career in the army Austin was called to the Bar in 1818. With his wife, Sarah Taylor, he was closely associated with Bentham and his circle. When the university of London was founded in 1826 he was offered the chair of jurisprudence, and his first series of lectures became his masterwork, The Province of Jurisprudence Determined (1832). In this year, however, he gave up the chair for financial reasons. Austin is known as the first and most rigorous exponent of an imperativist conception of law. Law is the command of the sovereign backed by sanctions; the sovereign is the person or institution whom the people have the habit of obeying. The model has been relentlessly attacked, for instance for failing to account for the persistence of legal authority and for the role of the law in providing a framework that enables people to do things. But it properly focuses upon the difference between law as it is and law as it should be (about which Austin was a utilitarian ), and it brings to the forefront the central and permanent question of the underlying relationship between law and political power.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Austin, John — (3 mar. 1790, Creeting Mill, Suffolk, Inglaterra–dic. 1859, Weybridge, Surrey). Jurista británico. Aunque tuvo un comienzo de poco éxito en el ejercicio de la profesión (1818–25), su mente analítica y su honestidad intelectual impresionaron a sus …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • AUSTIN, JOHN —    a distinguished English jurist, professor of Jurisprudence in London University; mastered the science of law by the study of it in Germany, but being too profound in his philosophy, was unsuccessful as professor; his great work, The Province… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Austin, John — (1790 1859)    Jurist, served in the army in Sicily and Malta, but, selling his commission, studied law, and was called to the Bar 1818. He did not long continue to practise, but devoted himself to the study of law as a science, and became… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Austin, John Langshaw — ▪ British philosopher born March 28, 1911, Lancaster, Lancashire, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1960, Oxford       British philosopher best known for his individualistic analysis of human thought derived from detailed study of everyday language.       After… …   Universalium

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  • John L. Austin — John Langshaw Austin (* 26. März 1911 in Lancaster; † 8. Februar 1960 in Oxford) war englischer Philosoph und der Begründer der Sprechakttheorie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 2 Philosophische Ansichten 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Austin (legal philosopher) — John Austin (1790 1859) was a noted British jurist and published extensively concerning the philosophy of law and jurisprudence.Austin served with the British Army in Sicily and Malta, but sold his officer s commission to study law. He became a… …   Wikipedia

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