Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph
(1809–1865)
French founding figure of anarchism . Proudhon came to fame with Qu’est-ce que la propriété? (1840, trs. as What is Property?, 1876). The celebrated definition of property as theft in fact misrepresents the central concern of the work, which is not the abolition of private property but the need for each person to control the means of production that they use. Proudhon saw both unrestricted property rights and communism as devices for controlling people and destroying equality. The right way out relies on a network of free contracts answering the interests of each participant, and rendering coercive government unnecessary. Proudhon's liberal or libertarian socialism was the central counterpoise to the authoritarian version of Marxism . He played a role in the revolution of 1848, and was imprisoned for attacks on Louis Napoleon in his newspaper, Le Représentant du peuple (‘The Representative of the People’). Other works include Les Confessions d’un révolutionnaire (1849, trs. as Confessions of a Revolutionary, 1876).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PROUDHON, PIERRE JOSEPH° — (1809–1865), French Socialist and anti Jewish theorist. For Proudhon, the Jew was the source of evil, as incarnated in the race of Shem (Césarisme et christianisme, 1 (18832), 139). He accused the Jews of having rendered the bourgeoisie, high or… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph — born Jan. 15, 1809, Besançon, France died Jan. 19, 1865, Paris French journalist and socialist. After working as a printer, he moved to Paris in 1838 and joined the socialist movement. His What Is Property? (1840) created a sensation with such… …   Universalium

  • Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph — (1809 1865)    socialist, anarchist    Born in Besançon to a working class family, Pierre Joseph Proudhon, who is often considered the father of modern anarchism (and to whom Mikail Bakunin, a Russian anarchist, owed much), was successively a… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Proudhon,Pierre Joseph — Prou·dhon (pro͞o dōɴʹ), Pierre Joseph. 1809 1865. French anarchist who believed that human moral development would ultimately eliminate the need for laws and government. * * * …   Universalium

  • Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph — (1809 65) An autodidactic French brewer, early socialist thinker, and militant, who popularized the sayings ‘God is evil’ and ‘property is theft’. He is widely regarded as the founder of political anarchism , although his own followers applied… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Proudhon, Pierre Joseph — ► (1809 65) Escritor y sociólogo francés. Condenó la propiedad, por antisocial y contraria al derecho natural, y propuso la reorganización de la sociedad sobre bases mutualistas y federativas suprimiendo el Estado y todo órgano coercitivo. Autor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph — (15 ene. 1809, Besançon, Francia–19 ene. 1865, París). Periodista y socialista francés. Después de trabajar como tipógrafo se trasladó a París en 1838 y se integró al movimiento socialista. Su obra ¿Qué es la propiedad? (1840) creó conmoción con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • PROUDHON, PIERRE JOSEPH —    French Socialist, born at Besançon, the son of a cooper; worked in a printing establishment, spent his spare hours in study, specially of the social problem, and in 1840 published a work entitled What is Property? and in which he boldly… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Pierre-Joseph Proudhon — Portrait by Gustave Courbet, 1865 Full name Pierre Joseph Proudhon Born 15 January 1809(1809 01 15) …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre Joseph Proudhon — [ˈpjɛʀ ʒoˈzɛf pʀuˈdɔ̃] (* 15. Januar 1809 in Besançon; † 19. Januar 1865 in Passy bei Paris) war ein französischer Ökon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”