That which is proposed or stated; the content of a declarative sentence, capable of truth and falsity. To grasp a proposition is to understand what is said, supposed, suggested, and so on. The same proposition is expressed by any two sentences, from the same or different languages, that are synonymous, or correctly intertranslatable (where translation is judged without regard to tone, rhythm, and other implicatures ). The doctrine of the indeterminacy of radical translation casts doubt on the objectivity of this test, and some philosophers, notably Quine, have concluded that no respectable criteria of identity for propositions can be given. For some philosophers, propositions are the primary bearers of truth and falsity, with sentences only true and false derivatively, in virtue of expressing true and false propositions, but for others propositions are the doubtful shadows of what is empirically given, which are utterances in specific contexts. See also propositional attitudes.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • proposition — [ prɔpozisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • v. 1120 propositiun « action de faire connaître ses intentions »; lat. propositio 1 ♦ L action, le fait d offrir, de suggérer qqch. à qqn; ce qui est proposé. ⇒ offre. Proposition de paix. Faire des propositions… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • proposition — prop‧o‧si‧tion [ˌprɒpəˈzɪʆn ǁ ˌprɑː ] noun [countable] 1. COMMERCE a business idea, offer, or suggestion, for example a possible business deal: • I ll consider your proposition and let you know my decision next week. • We have a proposition to… …   Financial and business terms

  • proposition — Proposition. s. f. Ce qu on énonce par le discours sur quelque sujet que ce soit. Proposition universelle. proposition particuliere. proposition d éternelle verité. proposition establie sur de faux principes. proposition universellement receuë.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Proposition — Prop o*si tion, n. [L. propositio: cf. F. proposition. See {Propound}.] 1. The act of setting or placing before; the act of offering. Oblations for the altar of proposition. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 2. That which is proposed; that which is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • proposition — 1. The noun proposition has various well established meanings arising from its basic sense of ‘something proposed’, e.g. a scheme or proposal, a statement in logic that is subject to proof or disproof, and a formal statement of a theorem or… …   Modern English usage

  • proposition — Proposition, Propositio. Une proposition dialectique, Effatum, Enunciatum. Proposition d erreur, Supplex prouocatio, Appellatio supplex, B …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • proposition — [präp΄ə zish′ən] n. [ME proposicioun < OFr proposition < L propositio < proponere: see PROPOSE] 1. the act of proposing 2. a) something proposed; proposal, plan ☆ b) Informal an unethical or immoral proposal, specif. one of illicit… …   English World dictionary

  • proposition — mid 14c., a setting forth as a topic for discussion, from Fr. proposition (12c.), from L. propositionem a setting forth, statement, noun of action from proponere (see PROPOUND (Cf. propound)). Meaning action of proposing something to be done is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • proposition — [n] suggestion; scheme hypothesis, invitation, motion, overture, plan, premise, presentation, proffer, program, project, proposal, recommendation; concepts 384,662 Ant. condemnation, denial, opposition, refusal, rejection proposition [v] make… …   New thesaurus

  • proposition — ► NOUN 1) a statement expressing a judgement or opinion. 2) a proposed scheme or plan. 3) informal an offer of sexual intercourse. 4) a matter or person to be dealt with: it s a tough proposition. 5) Mathematics a formal statement of a theorem or …   English terms dictionary

  • Proposition — (v. lat. Propositio), 1) etwas Vor , Hingestelltes, ein vorangestellter Satz, so Propositio domestĭca u. P. peregrīna, s. u. Lemma 1); P. major, der Obersatz im Schlusse; P. minor, der Untersatz im Schlusse, s.d.; 2) Vorschlag; bes. Vorschläge… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”