problem of induction

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Problem of induction — The problem of induction is the philosophical question of whether inductive reasoning is valid. That is, what is the justification for either:# generalizing about the properties of a class of objects based on some number of observations of… …   Wikipedia

  • induction, problem of — Problem of justifying the inductive inference from the observed to the unobserved. It was given its classic formulation by David Hume, who noted that such inferences typically rely on the assumption that the future will resemble the past, or on… …   Universalium

  • Problem of universals — The problem of universals is an ancient problem in metaphysics about whether universals exist. Universals are general or abstract qualities, characteristics, properties, kinds or relations, such as being male/female, solid/liquid/gas or a certain …   Wikipedia

  • Problem of points — The problem of points, also called the problem of division of the stakes, is a classical problem in probability theory. One of the famous problems that motivated the beginnings of modern probability theory in the 17th century, it led Blaise… …   Wikipedia

  • Problem of other minds — For the contemporary music organization, see Other Minds. The problem of other minds has traditionally been regarded as an epistemological challenge raised by the skeptic. The challenge may be expressed as follows: given that I can only observe… …   Wikipedia

  • Faraday's law of induction — For the relationship between a time varying magnetic field and an induced electric field, see Maxwell s equations. Electromagnetism …   Wikipedia

  • Of Miracles — is the title of Section X of David Hume s An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1748). Contents 1 The text 2 The argument 3 Criticism 4 Notes …   Wikipedia

  • induction — inductionless, adj. /in duk sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of inducing, bringing about, or causing: induction of the hypnotic state. 2. the act of inducting; introduction; initiation. 3. formal installation in an office, benefice, or the like. 4. Logic.… …   Universalium

  • induction — The term is most widely used for any process of reasoning that takes us from empirical premises to empirical conclusions supported by the premises, but not deductively entailed by them. Inductive arguments are therefore kinds of ampliative… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Induction (logique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Induction. L induction est historiquement le nom pour un genre de raisonnement qui se propose de chercher des lois générales à partir de l observation de faits particuliers, sur une base probabiliste. L idée de… …   Wikipédia en Français

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