- problem of induction
- See induction.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
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Problem of induction — The problem of induction is the philosophical question of whether inductive reasoning is valid. That is, what is the justification for either:# generalizing about the properties of a class of objects based on some number of observations of… … Wikipedia
induction, problem of — Problem of justifying the inductive inference from the observed to the unobserved. It was given its classic formulation by David Hume, who noted that such inferences typically rely on the assumption that the future will resemble the past, or on… … Universalium
induction — inductionless, adj. /in duk sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of inducing, bringing about, or causing: induction of the hypnotic state. 2. the act of inducting; introduction; initiation. 3. formal installation in an office, benefice, or the like. 4. Logic.… … Universalium
induction — The term is most widely used for any process of reasoning that takes us from empirical premises to empirical conclusions supported by the premises, but not deductively entailed by them. Inductive arguments are therefore kinds of ampliative… … Philosophy dictionary
Induction (logique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Induction. L induction est historiquement le nom pour un genre de raisonnement qui se propose de chercher des lois générales à partir de l observation de faits particuliers, sur une base probabiliste. L idée de… … Wikipédia en Français
Induction puzzles — are Logic puzzles which are solved via the application of the principle of induction. In most cases, the puzzle s scenario will involve several participants with reasoning capability (typically people) and the solution to the puzzle will be based … Wikipedia
Problem of universals — The problem of universals is an ancient problem in metaphysics about whether universals exist. Universals are general or abstract qualities, characteristics, properties, kinds or relations, such as being male/female, solid/liquid/gas or a certain … Wikipedia
Problem of points — The problem of points, also called the problem of division of the stakes, is a classical problem in probability theory. One of the famous problems that motivated the beginnings of modern probability theory in the 17th century, it led Blaise… … Wikipedia
problem — /prob leuhm/, n. 1. any question or matter involving doubt, uncertainty, or difficulty. 2. a question proposed for solution or discussion. 3. Math. a statement requiring a solution, usually by means of a mathematical operation or geometric… … Universalium
Problem of other minds — For the contemporary music organization, see Other Minds. The problem of other minds has traditionally been regarded as an epistemological challenge raised by the skeptic. The challenge may be expressed as follows: given that I can only observe… … Wikipedia