privacy
1.
(mind) One of the more obvious, yet baffling, features of the mind is that I alone am privy to my experiences and thoughts. I have them, whereas you must go through some process of interpreting my utterances and actions in order to know, or guess, what they are. Philosophers of mind have either celebrated this privacy or sought to downplay its importance. To downplay it one might argue that what I know about myself, and you do not, may be simply a question of what words I am about to use or what actions I feel like performing. But in that case there is then no deep metaphysical gulf between what I know about myself and what you know, for it is merely a matter of my reports more quickly and accurately registering the state of my own system. There is no special knowledge displayed on a special inner screen, but only the natural upshot of self-monitoring functions of the brain.
2.
(social) In moral and political theory, private conduct is that which it is no business of the public, and particularly the public institution of law, to notice. Similarly, private information about a person would be that to which there can be no right of public access. The right to privacy is deeply connected with a person's self-respect, with invasions of privacy being connected with shame and indignity. Liberal political theory makes essential use of this category in assessing the permissible sphere of the law. The private is the sphere of family, home, personal taste, and affection; the public is the domain of other relations, including institutional and contractual relations, and those recognized in law. However, it is controversial whether an action such as consuming various kinds of pornography, even within one's own home, is properly regarded as private. The distinction between public and private is attacked by some feminist theorists, who believe that the sphere of the private acts as a fig-leaf for areas of unrestricted male domination of children and women. But dismantling the distinction altogether has too many associations with fascist and totalitarian ideology to commend itself widely.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • privacy — pri·va·cy n: freedom from unauthorized intrusion: state of being let alone and able to keep certain esp. personal matters to oneself see also expectation of privacy, invasion of privacy; privacy interest at interest 3b, right of privacy; …   Law dictionary

  • privacy — UK US /ˈprɪvəsi/ US  /ˈpraɪvəsi/ noun [U] ► the right that someone has to keep their personal life or personal information secret or known only to a small group of people: »Among the three industries studied, concerns about privacy and security… …   Financial and business terms

  • privacy — [prī′və sē; ] Brit [ priv′əsē] n. pl. privacies [ME privace: see PRIVATE & CY] 1. the quality or condition of being private; withdrawal from company or public view; seclusion 2. secrecy [told in strict privacy] 3. one s private life or personal… …   English World dictionary

  • Privacy — steht für: englisch für Privatsphäre oder Privatheit ein Brettspiel, siehe Privacy (Spiel) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Privacy — Pri va*cy, n.; pl. {Privacies}. [See {Private}.] 1. The state of being in retirement from the company or observation of others; seclusion. [1913 Webster] 2. A place of seclusion from company or observation; retreat; solitude; retirement. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Privacy — est le second album de la chanteuse Ophélie Winter paru en 1998. Cinq chansons ont été commercialisées sous la forme de singles. Liste des titres Dans mon intimité Je t abandonne This is how i m gonna make U mine Elle pleure Je cours Je marche a… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • privacy — / privəsi/, angloamer. / praivəsi/, it. / praivasi/ s. ingl. [der. di priva(te ) privato ], usato in ital. al femm. [vita personale di un individuo, in quanto costituisce un diritto e va perciò rispettata e tutelata: difendere la propria p. ]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • privacy — mid 15c.; see PRIVATE (Cf. private) + CY (Cf. cy) …   Etymology dictionary

  • privacy — /ˈpraivazi, ingl. ˈprɪvəsɪ, ˈpraɪvəsɪ/ [vc. ingl., da private «privato»] s. f. inv. privatezza, vita privata, intimità, riservatezza, privato, intimo CONTR. mondanità, vita pubblica …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • privacy — In BrE, the pronunciation priv ǝ si, with a short first syllable, has largely replaced priy vǝ si, although the second is still heard and is the usual one in AmE and in other parts of the English speaking world …   Modern English usage

  • privacy — [n] solitude, secrecy aloofness, clandestineness, concealment, confidentiality, isolation, one’s space, penetralia, privateness, quiet, retirement, retreat, seclusion, separateness, separation, sequestration, solitude; concepts 388,631,714 Ant.… …   New thesaurus

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