pramana
(Skt., measure) A standard of reasoning, or criterion of truth. The sources or bases of knowledge may be distinguished as perception, inference, testimony, analogy, implication in a wider sense than inference, and the interesting category of ‘negative perception’, whereby our senses give us a penumbra of knowledge of what is not present in the sensible world, as well as what is. Different schools of Indian thought accept or reject different ones of these methods. All methods are accepted by Mimamsa ; only perception, inference, and testimony by Yoga ; only perception and inference by Buddhism and Vaisheshika ; and only perception by Carvaka .

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Pramana — (IAST IAST|Pramāņa ) ( sources of knowledge , Sanskrit) is an epistemological term in Hindu [ [http://www.dvaita.org/shaastra/prameya.html#section 2 The Nine Tenets of Vedanta] ] [ [http://www.hindupedia.com/en/Pramana Pramana] at Hindupedia, the …   Wikipedia

  • Pramana — Pramāṇa[1] (devanāgarī: प्रमाण) (moyen de connaissance valide) est un terme de philosophie hindoue ou bouddhique qui correspond dans la philosophie occidentale à l épistémologie. Le pramāņa forme un membre d un tripode (tripuţi) orbitant autour… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pramana — pramȃna ž DEFINICIJA fil. u sustavu nyȃya označuje četiri sredstva izravne spoznaje stvarnosti: percepciju, induktivno ili deduktivno rasuđivanje, svjedočenje i analogiju ETIMOLOGIJA skr. pramāṇa …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • pramana —    A pramana is a criterion for valid argument in Indian philosophy. From its earliest days Indian philosophy sought to delimit the grounds upon which valid argument could be made. Different philosophical schools varied widely as to which grounds …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • pramāṇa — ▪ Indian philosophy       (Sanskrit: “measure”), in Indian philosophy, the means by which one obtains accurate and valid knowledge (pramā, pramiti) about the world. The accepted number of pramāṇa varies, according to the philosophical system or… …   Universalium

  • pramāṇa — प्रमाण …   Indonesian dictionary

  • pramana — prãmana sf. (1) žr. praminas 1: Į prãmaną dėdavo spalių, paminų, pelų, pakračių ir truputį žvyro Šll …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Pramāṇa-samuccaya — The Pramāṇa samuccaya ( A Compendium of Validities ) is a work by Dignāga, the early medieval Indian Buddhist logician and epistemologist, which may be seen as the definitive statement of his epistemological work. The work comprises an outline in …   Wikipedia

  • Pramana-varttika — ▪ Buddhist work Sanskrit“Commentary on Valid Knowledge”       perhaps the foremost work on Buddhist logic and epistemology, written in the 7th century. The Pramana varttika is the chief work of Dharmakirti (Dharmakīrti), originally a southern… …   Universalium

  • pramāṇa-bhakti — प्रमाणभक्ति …   Indonesian dictionary

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