paradigm
In the philosophy of science the notion is associated with Kuhn's influential book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962). Kuhn suggests that certain scientific works, such as Newton's Principia or John Dalton's New System of Chemical Philosophy (1808), provide an open-ended resource: a framework of concepts, results, and procedures within which subsequent work is structured. Normal science proceeds within such a framework or paradigm. A paradigm does not impose a rigid or mechanical approach, but can be taken more or less creatively and flexibly. The concept was influential in supplanting the positivist conception of science as an abstract, rationally and logically structured set of propositions. Kuhn's view emphasizes its concrete historical situation in the space of problems and approaches inherited from preceding achievements. A paradigm is only upset in periods of revolutionary science, typically arising in response to an accumulation of anomalies and stresses that cannot be resolved within its framework.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • paradigm — paradigm, paradigmatic In ordinary speech the word paradigm designates a typical example or model to be replicated or followed. This connotation is carried over into the technical use of the term introduced by the philosopher and historian of… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • paradigm — par‧a‧digm [ˈpærədaɪm] noun [countable] formal a good example of how a product, system etc can work or be produced: paradigm of/​for • J.J. s success in building Tylenol into a best seller has become a paradigm of consumer drug marketing.… …   Financial and business terms

  • paradigm — 1. is pronounced with the last syllable as in dime. In technical use it denotes a model or pattern of some kind; in linguistics, it means ‘a representative set of inflections of a noun or verb’, and so the paradigm of come is come (base form),… …   Modern English usage

  • Paradigm — Par a*digm, n. [F. paradigme, L. paradigma, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to show by the side of, to set up as an example; para beside + ? to show. See {Para }, and {Diction}.] [1913 Webster] 1. An example; a model; a pattern. [R.] The paradigms and patterns… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • paradigm — I noun archetype, example, exemplar, guide, ideal, model, norm, original, paradigma, pattern, prototype, sample, standard II index case (example), example, exemplar, instance …   Law dictionary

  • paradigm — (n.) late 15c., from L.L. paradigma pattern, example, especially in grammar, from Gk. paradeigma pattern, model, from paradeiknynai exhibit, represent, lit. show side by side, from para beside (see PARA (Cf. para )) + deiknynai to show (cognate… …   Etymology dictionary

  • paradigm — [n] example archetype, beau ideal*, chart, criterion, ensample, exemplar, ideal, mirror, model, original, pattern, prototype, sample, standard; concept 686 …   New thesaurus

  • paradigm — ► NOUN 1) a typical example, pattern, or model of something. 2) a conceptual model underlying the theories and practice of a scientific subject. 3) Grammar a table of all the inflected forms of a word, serving as a model for other words of the… …   English terms dictionary

  • paradigm — [par′ə dīm΄, par′ədim] n. [Fr paradigme < LL paradigma < Gr paradeigma < para ,PARA 1 + deigma, example < deiknynai, to show: for IE base see DICTION] 1. a) a pattern, example, or model b) an overall concept accepted by most people in …   English World dictionary

  • Paradigm — For other uses, see Paradigm (disambiguation). The word paradigm (  /ˈpær …   Wikipedia

  • paradigm — 01. There has been a major [paradigm] shift in American society since 9/11. 02. Microsoft has become the [paradigm] of the computer companies of the future. 03. According to Thomas Kuhn, procedural [paradigms] control our study of the natural… …   Grammatical examples in English

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