Ortega y Gasset, José
(1883–1955)
Spanish philosopher and essayist. Ortega y Gasset was born in Madrid, and educated by Jesuits, before studying in Germany. He taught metaphysics in Madrid from 1910 until 1936, when his republican activities compelled him to leave for Argentina, and then Portugal. He left few academic philosophical works, but exerted a great influence on the modernization of Spanish intellectual life through newspaper articles and teaching. In his Meditaciones del Quijote (1914, trs. as Meditations on Quixote, 1961), he looks for a way between idealism, which overemphasizes the mind, and realism, which overemphasizes things, finding it in the priority of life, or in the Hegelian composite of the self-with-things. Each life is one point of view on the universe; truth is therefore plural, for no one view is uniquely true. A life is a drama, chosen in an existentialist fashion. In spite of his republicanism Ortega y Gasset had little respect for the thinking of the mob, mired in lazy common-sense empiricism. The aristocratic first principles of a Plato or a Descartes are to be chosen and embraced for their fertility; only the plebeian Aristotle would want to found them in sense experience. Works include La Rebelión de las masas (1930, trs. as The Revolt of the Masses, 1931) and En torno a Galileo (1933, trs. as Man and Crisis, 1958).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Ortega y Gasset, José — Ortega y Gas·set (ēgä sĕtʹ), José. 1883 1955. Spanish philosopher. His most famous work, The Revolt of the Masses (1929), argues that humans are essentially unequal and that an intellectual elite is necessary. * * * born May 9, 1883, Madrid,… …   Universalium

  • Ortega y Gasset, José — b. 1883, Madrid; d. 1955, Madrid    Philosopher    After taking his degree at the Central University of Madrid in 1904, Ortega undertook postgraduate study in Marburg with the neo Kantian Hermann Cohen. In 1910, he became professor of Meta… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • Ortega y Gasset, José — ► (1883 1955) Filósofo y ensayista español. Su influencia en todos los órdenes de la vida espiritual española, esp. el literario, ha sido enorme. En el plano filosófico ha abierto a las generaciones nuevas todos los horizontes del pensamiento… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ortega y Gasset, José —  (1883–1955) Spanish philosopher …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Ortega y Gasset — Ortega y Gasset, José …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José Ortega y Gasset — «Ortega y Gasset» redirige aquí. Para otros usos, véase Ortega y Gasset (desambiguación). Ortega y Gasset en los años 50. José Ortega y Gasset (Madrid, 9 de mayo de 1883 – ibídem, 18 de octubre de 1955) fue un filósofo y ensayista español, ex …   Wikipedia Español

  • José Ortega y Gasset — (* 9. Mai 1883 in Madrid; † 18. Oktober 1955 ebenda) war ein spanischer Philosoph, Soziologe und Essayist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jose Ortega y Gasset — Ortega y Gasset José Ortega y Gasset (* 9. Mai 1883 in Madrid; † 18. Oktober 1955 ebenda) war ein spanischer Philosoph, Soziologe und Essayist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ortega y Gasset — José Ortega y Gasset (* 9. Mai 1883 in Madrid; † 18. Oktober 1955 ebenda) war ein spanischer Philosoph, Soziologe und Essayist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jose Ortega y Gasset — José Ortega y Gasset Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ortega. José Ortega y Gasset José Ortega y Gasset, né à Madrid le …   Wikipédia en Français

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