original sin
The state of sin that has captured human beings since the Fall. The idea that we have plenty to be ashamed about simply through being alive is one of the less appealing of ethical doctrines, but is also one of the main components of any variety of Christianity, since without it the doctrine of the atonement loses its rationale. The precise way in which Adam's guilt was transmitted to us all has, naturally, exercised theologians. For Augustine, it simply comes as a consequence of sexual reproduction and its accompanying concupiscence . For Aquinas, it is not so much sin that is passed on as the loss of a supernatural capacity to govern the lower appetites by means of reason. Original sin is functionally necessary to dramatize the importance of redemption, and the religious practices that facilitate it. See also traducianism.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Original Sin — • Original sin is (1) the sin that Adam committed; (2) a consequence of this first sin, the hereditary stain with which we are born on account of our origin or descent from Adam. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Original Sin      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Original Sin — – The Collection Compilation album by INXS Released 2004 Recorded 1980 87 …   Wikipedia

  • Original sin — Original O*rig i*nal, a. [F. original, L. originalis.] [1913 Webster] 1. Pertaining to the origin or beginning; preceding all others; first in order; primitive; primary; pristine; as, the original state of man; the original laws of a country; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Original Sin — (engl.: Erbsünde) bezeichnet Original Sin (Volkswirtschaftslehre), ein Phänomen in der Volkswirtschaftslehre, bei dem sich ein Land am Kapitalmarkt nicht in eigener Währung verschulden kann und daher Kredite in ausländischer Währung aufnehmen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Original sin — Sin Sin, n. [OE. sinne, AS. synn, syn; akin to D. zonde, OS. sundia, OHG. sunta, G. s[ u]nde, Icel., Dan. & Sw. synd, L. sons, sontis, guilty, perhaps originally from the p. pr. of the verb signifying, to be, and meaning, the one who it is. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • original sin — n. Christian Theol. the sin of disobedience committed by Adam and Eve, traditionally viewed as transmitted in its essential guilt and consequent penalties from Adam as head of the human race to all unredeemed humanity …   English World dictionary

  • original sin — ► NOUN ▪ (in Christian theology) the tendency to evil of all human beings, held to be a consequence of the Fall …   English terms dictionary

  • Original sin — For other uses, see Original Sin (disambiguation). Original sin[1] is, according to a theological doctrine, humanity s state of sin resulting from the Fall of Man.[2] This condition has been characterized in many ways, ranging from something as… …   Wikipedia

  • original sin — 1. Theol. a. a depravity, or tendency to evil, held to be innate in humankind and transmitted from Adam to the race in consequence of his sin. b. inclination to evil, inherent in human nature. 2. Rom. Cath. Theol. the privation of sanctifying… …   Universalium

  • original sin — noun a sin said to be inherited by all descendants of Adam (Freq. 1) Adam and Eve committed the original sin when they ate the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden • Ant: ↑actual sin • Hypernyms: ↑sin, ↑sinning, ↑religious doctrine, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Original Sin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Original Sin peut désigner: Original Sin : une chanson du groupe INXS Original Sin : un album du groupe INXS sorti en 2010 Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”