original position
The position defined for the consideration of justice in Rawls's A Theory of Justice (1971). In Rawls's contractarian theory, a social structure is just only if it could have been contracted into by hypothetical rational agents who have ‘stripped away’ particular allegiances and interests, but retain basic human needs and dependencies. The idea dramatizes the impartiality that is implicit in the idea of justice, since in the original position nobody can indulge in special pleading or bias on behalf of one group (the idea is like that of effecting a just distribution of the cake by having one party cut it, and the other party pick which piece they wish). Rawls himself called the conception that of justice-as-fairness. See also difference principle, veil of ignorance.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Original position — The original position is a hypothetical situation developed by American philosopher John Rawls as a thought experiment to replace the imagery of a savage state of nature of prior political philosophers like Thomas Hobbes. In it, the parties… …   Wikipedia

  • Original Sin — • Original sin is (1) the sin that Adam committed; (2) a consequence of this first sin, the hereditary stain with which we are born on account of our origin or descent from Adam. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Original Sin      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Original Me — Studio album by Cascada Released June 17, 2011 ( …   Wikipedia

  • Original Sin (INXS song) — Original Sin Single by INXS from the album The Swing B side …   Wikipedia

  • Original War — est un jeu vidéo de guerre en temps réel non linéaire développé par Altar et distribué par Virgin Interactive dès le 3 décembre 2001. Il est redistribué au Royaume Uni sous le label budget « Sold Out » en 2004. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Original Prankster — Single by The Offspring featuring Redman from the album Conspiracy of One …   Wikipedia

  • Original Gangsters (gang) — Original Gangsters Founded 1993 In Gothenburg, Sweden Founded by Denho Acar Years active 1993 present …   Wikipedia

  • Original of the Species — Cover for the promotional release Song by U2 from the album How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb Released November 2004 Format …   Wikipedia

  • Original Me — Album par Cascada Sortie 20 juin 2011 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Original Soundtrack (album) — Original Soundtrack Studio album by S Express Released May 24, 1989 Recorded …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”