mutually exclusive/jointly exhaustive

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Mutually exclusive events — For the programming algorithms, see Mutual exclusion. In layman s terms, two events are mutually exclusive if they cannot occur at the same time. An example is tossing a coin once, which can result in either heads or tails, but not both. In the… …   Wikipedia

  • exclusive/exhaustive — It is frequently useful to divide a set into mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive alternatives, i.e. alternatives such that nothing belongs to more than one, and everything belongs to at least one …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Collectively exhaustive events — In probability theory, a set of events is jointly or collectively exhaustive if at least one of the events must occur. For example, when rolling a six sided die, the outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 are collectively exhaustive, because they… …   Wikipedia

  • Dichotomy — An example of a dichotomy is the partition of a scene into figure and ground – the letters are foreground or figure; the rest is the background. A dichotomy is any splitting of a whole into exactly two non overlapping parts, meaning it is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Law of noncontradiction — This article uses forms of logical notation. For a concise description of the symbols used in this notation, see List of logic symbols. In classical logic, the law of non contradiction (LNC) (or the principle of non contradiction (PNC), or the… …   Wikipedia

  • arctic — arctically, adv. /ahrk tik/ or, esp. for 7, /ahr tik/, adj. 1. (often cap.) of, pertaining to, or located at or near the North Pole: the arctic region. 2. coming from the North Pole or the arctic region: an arctic wind. 3. characteristic of the… …   Universalium

  • Pythagoreans and Eleatics — Edward Hussey PYTHAGORAS AND THE EARLY PYTHAGOREANS Pythagoras, a native of Samos, emigrated to southern Italy around 520, and seems to have established himself in the city of Croton. There he founded a society of people sharing his beliefs and… …   History of philosophy

  • Discrete choice — In economics, discrete choice problems involve choices between two or more discrete alternatives, such as entering or not entering the labor market, or choosing between modes of transport. Such choices contrast with standard consumption models in …   Wikipedia

  • evolution — evolutional, adj. evolutionally, adv. /ev euh looh sheuhn/ or, esp. Brit., /ee veuh /, n. 1. any process of formation or growth; development: the evolution of a language; the evolution of the airplane. 2. a product of such development; something… …   Universalium

  • partition — partitionable, adj. partitionary, adj. partitioner, partitionist, n. partitionment, n. /pahr tish euhn, peuhr /, n. 1. a division into or distribution in portions or shares. 2. a separation, as of two or more things. 3. something that separates… …   Universalium

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