Merleau-Ponty, Maurice
(1908–1961)
French phenomenologist, who became professor at the Collège de France in 1952. His major work, the Phénoménologie de la perception (1945, trs. as The Phenomenology of Perception, 1962) anticipates many of the concerns of later analytical philosophy of perception. In particular, Merleau-Ponty emphasizes the way in which our experience does not form a shut-off, private domain, but a way of being-in-the-world; we live our lives in the perceptual milieu of a human world, or Lebenswelt, irreducible to pure or private consciousness. Merleau-Ponty's work draws upon empirical psychology as well as the tradition of Husserl to explore the experiential relationship that we have with the world. His book is particularly notable for its extended and illuminating description of our relationship with our own bodies in perception and action. See also body.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Merleau-Ponty,Maurice — Mer·leau Pon·ty (mĕr lō pôɴ tēʹ), Maurice. 1908 1961. French phenomenologist and social critic. Author of such works as Adventures of the Dialectic (1955), he departed from classical phenomenology by emphasizing the relation between consciousness …   Universalium

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  • MERLEAU-PONTY, Maurice — (1908 1961)    French philosopher and phenomenologist who rejected the DUALISM of Rene Descartes in favor of a structural theory of REALITY. His books include The Structure of Behavior (1942) and The Primacy of Perception (1964) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — (1908 61)    refer to the entries on Foucault + fold and phenomenology …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Мерло-Понти Морис / Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — (1908 1961). В центре интересов Мерло Понти было понимание отношений между сознанием и природой. Под природой он подразумевал внешние события в их причинных связях. Сознание же, с его точки зрения, не подвластно действию причинности …   Психологическая энциклопедия

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