meaning postulates
Term employed by Carnap as a proposed explanation of analyticity . The idea is that we can lay down a logical connection (x is a bachelor →x is not married) as a postulate governing the two predicates ‘bachelor’ and ‘married’; the analyticity that all bachelors are unmarried is then exhibited as a logical consequence of a convention that we have adopted. The approach was attacked by Quine and others, both as presupposing that central or obvious truths achieve the status of conventions when there is no reason for them to do so, and as failing as a general account of necessity since it requires a separate account of the status of logic.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ЗНАЧЕНИЕ — содержание, обозначенное тем или иным языковым выражением словом, предложением, знаком и т.п. Вопрос о З. языковых выражений исследуется лингвистикой, семиотикой и логической семантикой. Различают предметное, смысловое и экспрессивное З. языковых …   Философская энциклопедия

  • logic, philosophy of — Philosophical study of the nature and scope of logic. Examples of questions raised in the philosophy of logic are: In virtue of what features of reality are the laws of logic true? ; How do we know the truths of logic? ; and Could the laws of… …   Universalium

  • Carnap — Rudolf Carnap Rudolf Carnap Philosophe Occidental Époque Contemporaine Naissance : 18 mai, 1891 (Ronsdorf, Allemagne) Décès : 14 septembre, 1970 (Santa Monica, Californie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rudolf Carnap — Philosophe occidental Époque contemporaine Naissance 18 mai, 1891 (Ronsdorf, Allemagne) Décès 14 septembre, 1970 (à 79 ans) (Santa Monica, Californie) École/tradition …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philosophical Studies — Infobox Journal title = Philosophical Studies editor = Stewart Cohen discipline = Philosophy language = English abbreviation = Phil Studies publisher = Springer country = Netherlands frequency = history = 1950 to present openaccess = impact =… …   Wikipedia

  • Axiom — This article is about logical propositions. For other uses, see Axiom (disambiguation). In traditional logic, an axiom or postulate is a proposition that is not proven or demonstrated but considered either to be self evident or to define and… …   Wikipedia

  • positivism — positivist, adj., n. positivistic, adj. positivistically, adv. /poz i teuh viz euhm/, n. 1. the state or quality of being positive; definiteness; assurance. 2. a philosophical system founded by Auguste Comte, concerned with positive facts and… …   Universalium

  • Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 19th/20th century philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller name = F.C.S. Schiller birth = August 16 1864 death = August 9 1937 school tradition = Pragmatism… …   Wikipedia

  • Science and the Church — • Dicsusses the relationship between the two subjects Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Science and the Church     Science and the Church      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • logic, history of — Introduction       the history of the discipline from its origins among the ancient Greeks to the present time. Origins of logic in the West Precursors of ancient logic       There was a medieval tradition according to which the Greek philosopher …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”