Marsilius of Padua
(or Marsiglio, 1275/80–1342)
Probably educated at Padua, Marsilius was rector of the university of Paris in 1313. His philosophical fame rests on Defensor Pacis (‘Defender of the Peace’, 1324, trs. under the same title, 1956), a devastating indictment of Papal claims to temporal power. Marsilius defends an Aristotelian theory of the political state as subserving the good life. Law is essentially the coercive power of the state necessary to promote this end. The people therefore form the only legitimate source of political authority. The positivist and republican implications of all this were well before their time, and in 1326 Marsilius was forced to flee to the court of Louis of Bavaria, and was branded a heretic by Pope John XXII.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marsilius of Padua — • Physician and theologian, b. at Padua about 1270; d. about 1342 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Marsilius of Padua     Marsilius of Padua      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Marsilius of Padua — (Italian Marsilio or Marsiglio da Padova; (circa 1275 – circa 1342) was an Italian scholar, trained in medicine who practiced a variety of professions. He was also an important 14th century political figure. His political treatise Defensor pacis… …   Wikipedia

  • Marsilius of Padua — /mahr sil ee euhs/ c1280 1343?, Italian scholar and political theorist. Italian, Marsiglio dei Mainardini /mahrdd see lyaw de ee muy nahrdd dee nee/. * * * born с 1280, Padua, Kingdom of Italy died с 1343, Munich Italian political philosopher. He …   Universalium

  • Marsilius of Padua — /maˈsɪliəs əv ˈpædʒuə/ (say mah sileeuhs uhv pajoohuh) noun (Marsiglio dei Mainardini), c.1290–c.1343, Italian political philosopher; his Defensor Paeis important political work of the Middle Ages …   Australian English dictionary

  • Marsilius of Padua — /mahr sil ee euhs/ c1280 1343?, Italian scholar and political theorist. Italian, Marsiglio dei Mainardini /mahrdd see lyaw de ee muy nahrdd dee nee/ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Marsiglio (Marsilius) of Padua — (c. 1275–1342)    Political Philosopher.    Marsiglio was a native of Padua, Italy, and was educated there and in Paris. He is remembered as the author of Defensor Pacis in which he argued that the Church must be subordinate to the State. He… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Marsilius von Padua — (* zwischen 1275 und 1290 in Padua; † 1342/43 in München; eigentlich: Marsiglio dei Mainardini) war Staatstheoretiker, Politiker und ein bedeutender Vertreter des scholastischen Aristotelismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marsilius von Padua — Marsilius von Padua,   eigentlich Marsilio dei Mainardini, italienischer Staatstheoretiker, * Padua um 1275, ✝ München 1342 oder 1343; 1313 Rektor der Universität Paris. In der Schrift »Defensor pacis« (1324) wandte er sich gegen den weltlichen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Padua — Paduan, adj. /paj ooh euh/, n. a city in NE Italy. 242,130. Italian, Padova. * * * I Italian Padova ancient Patavium City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 203,350), northern Italy. Legend holds that it was founded by the Trojan hero Antenor. First mentioned… …   Universalium

  • Marsilius — biographical name of Padua circa 1280 circa 1343 Italian scholar …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”