Maritain, Jacques
(1882–1973)
French Thomist philosopher, most influential during his teaching years at the Institut Catholique in Paris, from 1914. Initially a Protestant, Maritain was educated at the Sorbonne. He and his wife converted to Catholicism in 1906, partly under the influence of Bergson . From 1945 to 1948 Maritain was French ambassador to the Vatican. His work sought to sustain an Aristotelian and Thomistic ‘realism’ against the subjectivism of philosophy since Descartes . This involved recognizing multiple ways of knowing, and Maritain is also remembered for his work on non-conceptual knowledge, as occurring in moments of mysticism and of poetic intuition. His many works include Distinguer pour unir (1932, trs. as The Degrees of Knowledge, 1959), and Humanisme intégral (1936, trs. as True Humanism, 1938).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Maritain, Jacques — born Nov. 18, 1882, Paris, France died April 28, 1973, Toulouse French philosopher. Reared a Protestant, he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1906. His thought, which is based on Aristotelianism and Thomism, incorporates ideas of other Classical… …   Universalium

  • Maritain, Jacques — (1882 1973)    philosopher    Born in Toulouse, Jacques Maritain converted from Protestantism to Catholicism with his wife Raissa and wrote against both materialist philosophy and the ideas of henri bergson. One of the principal interpreters of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Maritain, Jacques — (1882–1973)    Philosopher and Theologian.    Maritain was born in Paris, of a Protestant family. He was educated at the Sorbonne and as a young man came under the influence of Henri bergson. However, in 1906, he converted to Roman Catholicism… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Maritain, Jacques — (1882 1973)    A wide ranging French neo Thomist philosopher, Maritain wrote over eighty monographs, some popular and some scholarly. He also maintained a vigorous interest in politics and social affairs, serving for four years as French… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Maritain, Jacques — ► (1882 1973) Filósofo y escritor francés. Trató de coordinar la más estricta ortodoxia con el sentido de libertad moderno. Autor de Distinguir para unir o los grados del saber (1932). * * * (18 nov. 1882, París, Francia–28 abr. 1973, Toulouse).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MARITAIN, Jacques — (1882 1973)    French CHRISTIAN philosopher and leading exponent of NEO THOMISM. After World War II he became the French ambassador to the VATICAN but moved to Princeton University in 1948. He developed his political PHILOSOPHY based on the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • MARITAIN, JACQUES (1882–1973) and RAÏSSA° (1883–1960) — MARITAIN, JACQUES (1882–1973) and RAÏSSA° (1883–1960), French writers who took a positive stand on the Jewish issue during the Nazi era. Raïssa Oumansoff, a Russian Jew, was taken to Paris as a child, and there in 1904 she married Jacques… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Maritain — Maritain, Jacques …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Maritain — Maritain, Jacques …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jacques Maritain — Born 18 November 1882(1882 11 18) Paris, France Died 28 April 1973(1973 04 28) (aged 90) …   Wikipedia

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