Marcuse, Herbert
(1898–1979)
Political and social theorist. Marcuse was born in Berlin, and became associated with the Frankfurt school . His early work was a synthesis of Marxism, phenomenology, and existentialism . In 1934 he fled Nazi Germany to America and began teaching at Columbia university, subsequently holding posts with the Office of Strategic Services and the Office of Intelligence Research. He held posts at Brandeis (1954) and at San Diego (1965). His first work in English, Reason and Revolution (1941), is an introduction to Hegel and Marx, while Eros and Civilization (1955) ropes Freud into the cause of sketching a non-repressive society. Marcuse's fame rests largely on his elevation to ‘Father of the New Left’ when his book One-Dimensional Man (1964) became a bible of radical student movements of the 1960s. Like other analysts of the Frankfurt school, and theorists such as Gramsci, Marcuse argued that the workers in modern society were stupefied by the products of their own labour; revolution, therefore, must come from those outside the system, such as students, intellectuals, and minorities.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • MARCUSE, HERBERT — (1898–1979), philosopher and social theorist. Born in Berlin, Marcuse studied in Berlin and Freiburg, where he was influenced by Heidegger. In World War I he served in the German army and, as a delegate from his unit, participated in the abortive …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Marcuse, Herbert — (1898–1979)    The “guru” of the New Left in Europe in the 1960s, Marcuse was one of the most significant of Marxist thinkers in the 20th century. His writings inspired much of the student protest movement of the 1960s and he developed Marxism in …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Marcuse, Herbert — born July 19, 1898, Berlin died July 29, 1979, Starnberg, Ger. German U.S. political philosopher. A member of the Frankfurt school, he fled Germany after the Nazi seizure of power in 1933. After working in U.S. intelligence in World War II, he… …   Universalium

  • Marcuse, Herbert — ► (1898 1979) Filósofo alemán. Su filosofía se basa en el marxismo y en Freud. Obras: Razón y revolución y Psicoanálisis y política, entre otras. * * * (19 jul. 1898, Berlín–29 jul. 1979, Starnberg, Alemania). Filósofo político alemán radicado en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marcuse, Herbert — (1898 1979) A German philosopher who was a member of the Frankfurt School in exile in the United States. Unlike others, he remained in America after the end of the war, and maintained a commitment to radical politics until the end of his life. He …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Marcuse,Herbert — Mar·cu·se (mär ko͞oʹzə), Herbert. 1898 1979. German born American political philosopher whose works of social criticism include Eros and Civilization (1955) and One Dimensional Man (1964). * * * …   Universalium

  • Marcuse, Herbert — (1898 1979)    German philospher. Born in Berlin, he studied in Berlin and Freiburg. He initially worked at the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research, but from the early 1940s he was an intelligence analyst in various US agencies. He was a… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Marcuse, Herbert —    See Frankfurt School …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

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  • Marcuse — Marcuse, Herbert …   Enciclopedia Universal

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