Mandeville, Bernard
(c. 1670–1733)
Dutch doctor and moral philosopher. Born in Rotterdam of a distinguished medical family, Mandeville settled in Britain shortly after taking his degree in 1691. He is known for The Fable of the Bees; or Private Vices, Public Benefits (the work grew from a poem published in 1705, to its final form in the 6th edition of 1729). Mandeville analyses the way in which private vices, such as vanity, luxury, and desire for fashion and change, give rise to public benefits, such as industry and employment. Vice is the behaviour that alone promotes profitable economic activity. The sardonic or even cynical implications of this work called forth rebuttals from both Berkeley and Hutcheson, but the work clearly influenced Adam Smith, and anticipates the doctrine of conspicuous consumption made famous by Veblen.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Mandeville,Bernard — Man·de·ville (mănʹdə vĭl ), Bernard. 1670? 1733. Dutch born British physician, philosopher, and satirist whose major work, The Fable of the Bees (1714), depicts all activity as being motivated by self interest. * * * …   Universalium

  • Mandeville, Bernard de — ▪ British writer born November 1670, Rotterdam, Neth. died Jan. 21, 1733, Hackney, London, Eng.       Dutch prose writer and philosopher who won European fame with The Fable of the Bees.       Mandeville graduated in medicine from the University… …   Universalium

  • MANDEVILLE, BERNARD DE —    a cynical writer, born at Dordrecht, Holland; bred to medicine; came to London to practise; wrote in racy English the Fable of the Bees, intended to show, as Stopford Brooke says, how the vices of society are the foundation of civilisation, or …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Mandeville, Bernard de — (1670 1733)    Satirist, a native of Dort in Holland, who having studied medicine at Leyden, came over to England to practise his profession. In 1705 he pub. a short poem, The Grumbling Hive, which in 1714 reappeared with a prose commentary, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Mandeville — Mandeville, Bernard …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bernard Mandeville — Bernard de Mandeville Bernard Mandeville (* 15. November 1670 in Rotterdam; † 21. Januar 1733 in Hackney bei London) war ein niederländischer Arzt und Sozialtheoretiker, der in England lebte und in englischer Sprache veröffentlichte. In seinem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard de Mandeville — Bernard Mandeville (* 15. November 1670 in Rotterdam; † 21. Januar 1733 in Hackney bei London) war ein niederländischer Arzt und Sozialtheoretiker, der in England lebte und in englischer Sprache veröffentlichte. In seinem Hauptwerk, der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard de Mandeville — Bernard Mandeville Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mandeville. Bernard Mandeville, ou de Mandeville, né le 15 novembre 1670 à Rotterdam et mort le 21 janvier 1733 à Hackney, est un écrivain néerlandais. Avant étudié la philosophie et la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernard Mandeville — Bernard de Mandeville Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mandeville. Bernard Mandeville, ou de Mandeville, né le 15 novembre 1670 à Rotterdam et mort l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MANDEVILLE (B. de) — MANDEVILLE BERNARD DE (1670 1733) Né à Rotterdam, étudiant en médecine à Leyde, Bernard de Mandeville s’établit à Londres, où il fit carrière comme médecin à la mode et comme homme de lettres. Auteur d’une œuvre littéraire abondante, il est passé …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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