macrocosm and microcosm
The macrocosm is the world as a whole, with a microcosm being one small part, often mankind, taken as a model of it. Thus the universe may be regarded as a large living organism (see panpsychism ). The idea was central to most Greek thought, and especially that of Pythagoras, Plato and subsequent Neoplatonism . In Leibniz the monads are microcosms of the world, since each in itself mirrors the entire universe.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Macrocosm and microcosm — Macrocosm redirects here. For Star Trek episode, see Macrocosm (Star Trek: Voyager). Macrocosm and microcosm is an ancient Greek Neo Platonic schema of seeing the same patterns reproduced in all levels of the cosmos, from the largest scale… …   Wikipedia

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  • Microcosm — may refer to: Macrocosm and microcosm, a philosophical idea Microcosm (CERN), a museum near Geneva, Switzerland Microcosm (video game), a 1993 shoot em up by Psygnosis Microcosm Ltd, a UK software protection company Microcosm (clock), a unique… …   Wikipedia

  • MICROCOSM — (from Gr. mikros kosmos; small world ), term in the Western philosophical tradition referring to man as an epitome of the universe (the macrocos) in his parts and structure. The Arabic (ʿālam ṣaghīr), Hebrew (olam katan), and Latin (mundis minor) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • microcosm — microcosmic, microcosmical, adj. /muy kreuh koz euhm/, n. 1. a little world; a world in miniature (opposed to macrocosm). 2. anything that is regarded as a world in miniature. 3. human beings, humanity, society, or the like, viewed as an epitome… …   Universalium

  • microcosm — [[t]ma͟ɪkroʊkɒzəm[/t]] microcosms N COUNT: oft N of n, also in N A microcosm is a small society, place, or activity which has all the typical features of a much larger one and so seems like a smaller version of it. [FORMAL] Kitchell says the city …   English dictionary

  • microcosm — noun a) a smaller system which is representative of or analogous to a larger one Though our town is small and provincial, it is a true microcosm to the country as a whole. b) a small, complete world , 1608: If you see this in the map of my… …   Wiktionary

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  • Plato: ethics and politics — A.W.Price I Plato followed his teacher Socrates into ethics by way of a question that remained central in Greek thought: what is the relation between the virtues or excellences (aretai) of character, and happiness (eudaimonia)?1 Both concepts… …   History of philosophy

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