lying
Philosophical discussions embrace the usage according to which a lie is the deliberate utterance of a falsehood, with the intent to deceive or mislead an audience. Saying something false inadvertently, or saying something false knowing that the audience will misunderstand it and interpret it as something which is in fact true, or merely uttering false pleasantries when no question of deception arises, are not therefore cases of lying. The prohibition on lying in any circumstance (even when the mad axeman asks where your children are sleeping) is a notorious part of Kant's ethics. On the other hand, consequentialist and utilitarian theories are frequently charged with failing to explain the peculiar gravity of lying, since some lies have few, if any, bad consequences.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Lying — • As defined by St. Thomas Aquinas, a statement at variance with the mind Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lying     Lying     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lying — Ly ing, p. pr. & vb. n. of {Lie}, to be supported horizontally. [1913 Webster] {Lying panel} (Arch.), a panel in which the grain of the wood is horizontal. [R.] {Lying to} (Naut.), having the sails so disposed as to counteract each other. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lying — pres part of lie Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. lying I …   Law dictionary

  • Lying — Ly ing, p. pr. & vb. n. of {Lie}, to tell a falsehood. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lying — mendacious, untruthful, *dishonest, deceitful Analogous words: *false, wrong: deceptive, *misleading, delusive, delusory Antonyms: truthtelling Contrasted words: honest, just, *upright, conscientious, scrupulous, honorable: candid, * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • lying — [adj] dishonest committing perjury, deceitful, deceptive, delusive, delusory, dissembling, dissimulating, double crossing*, doubledealing*, equivocating, false, falsifying, fibbing, guileful, inventing, mendacious, misleading, misrepresenting,… …   New thesaurus

  • lying — lying1 [lī′iŋ] vi. prp. of LIE1 lying2 [lī′iŋ] vt., vi. prp. of LIE2 adj. false; not truthful n. the telling of a lie or lies SYN. DISHONEST …   English World dictionary

  • Lying — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Lying Produktionsland USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lying — Lie Lie, v. i. [imp. {Lay} (l[=a]); p. p. {Lain} (l[=a]n), ({Lien} (l[imac] [e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lying}.] [OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen, licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth. ligan …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lying — {{11}}lying (1) early 13c., action of LIE (Cf. lie) (v.2) to recline. Lying in being in childbed is attested from mid 15c. {{12}}lying (2) c.1300 (n.), action of LIE (Cf. lie) (v.1) to tell an untruth …   Etymology dictionary

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