love
In Greek thought, eros connotes desire, longing, disequilibrium, and is generally sexual in nature. However, in Plato (especially the Symposium and Phaedrus ), although eros may start with a particular person as its object, it soon becomes transferred from the particular person to their beauty (a characteristic that in principle another person could possess to the same or a greater degree), and finally it gravitates towards immaterial objects such as the form of beauty itself. The desire for immaterial beauty is a kind of recollection of the vision of forms (such as those of justice, wisdom, and knowledge) that the soul was able to perceive on the ‘plains of truth’ in its previous life. Bodily beauty induces remembrance of this state, anamnesis, and enables the soul to begin to climb the ladder back to spiritual truth. The philosopher, the poet, the lover, and the follower of the muses (or creative artist) are all inspired by the divine power of eros, which dictates the passionate pursuit of the truly real, pure intellectual light, through beauty, wisdom, and the arts of the muses. It is not often recorded how persons who believe themselves to be beloved are supposed to react to these fleshless rivals, although Dante's Beatrice is the principal example of a beloved person both initiating and then conducting a spiritual ascent of this kind. Unfortunately, however, before conducting Dante up to the highest circles of Paradise, she has to be dead. The idea of beauty as the visible trigger of a spiritual ascent was transmitted to the medieval world through Neoplatonism, and especially the City of God of Augustine . Philia in Greek thought is more akin to friendship, and includes fondness and desire for the good of another. In Aristotle, quite stringent conditions are required for reciprocal and recognized philia : familiarity, virtue, and equality. Agapē is the Christian addition to the forms of affection here recognized, and suggests a less focused, universal benevolence that pays little or no regard to reciprocity. See also apathy, sex.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • love — love …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Love — (l[u^]v), n. [OE. love, luve, AS. lufe, lufu; akin to E. lief, believe, L. lubet, libet, it pleases, Skr. lubh to be lustful. See {Lief}.] 1. A feeling of strong attachment induced by that which delights or commands admiration; pre[ e]minent… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Love — (engl. Liebe) bezeichnet: Love (Band), Rockband der 1960er und 70er Jahre Love (Lied), litauischer Beitrag zum Eurovision Song Contest 2009 Love (Stephen King), Roman von Stephen King Love (The Beatles Album), Musikalbum der Beatles Love (The… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Love —     Love (Theological Virtue)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Love (Theological Virtue)     The third and greatest of the Divine virtues enumerated by St. Paul (1 Cor., xiii, 13), usually called charity, defined: a divinely infused habit, inclining …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • LOVE — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Love signifie amour en anglais. Ce nom peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Cinéma 2 Musique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Love? — álbum de estudio de Jennifer Lopez Publicación 3 de mayo de 2011[1] Grabación 2008 2011 …   Wikipedia Español

  • love — [luv] n. [ME < OE lufu, akin to OHG luba, Goth lubo < IE base * leubh , to be fond of, desire > LIBIDO, LIEF, LUST] 1. a deep and tender feeling of affection for or attachment or devotion to a person or persons 2. an expression of one s… …   English World dictionary

  • Love? — Студийный альбом …   Википедия

  • love — love; love·less; love·less·ness; love·li·head; love·li·ly; love·li·ness; love·ling; love·lorn; love·man; love·some; love·ston·ite; love·ly; un·love; love·less·ly; love·lorn·ness; love·sick·ness; …   English syllables

  • love — ► NOUN 1) an intense feeling of deep affection. 2) a deep romantic or sexual attachment to someone. 3) a great interest and pleasure in something. 4) a person or thing that one loves. 5) (in tennis, squash, etc.) a score of zero. [ORIGIN:… …   English terms dictionary

  • love — 〈[lʌ̣v] Sp.; Tennis〉 Ausdruck für null (Punkte) ● lovegame Aufschlags bzw. Rückschlagspiel, das ohne Punktverlust zu null gewonnen wird; sie führte schnell 40:love [engl., meist „Liebe“, aber auch „Null“ bzw. „Zu Null Spiel“; zu doing something… …   Universal-Lexikon

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